The Relationship between Artist and Audience in the Architectural Work as a the Creator of Cognition Factor

Document Type : Original Paper


1 Ph.D. Department of Arts and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Arts and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Arts and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


The question from the mission of architecture and its relationship with human as the artist or the
audience, without addressing to the reality issue and the manner of cognition is not possible. As a human phenomenon,
architecture is a product of human awareness on various aspects such as scientific, engineering, and artistic aspects.
Therefore, clarifying the nature and the manner of awareness, cognition and the methods and tools, can contribute to
understand the art work. In continue the manner of advent and perception of wisdom in the Islamic architectural work
would be analyzed. The research method is logical reasoning. Therefore, initially the Islamic worldview is posed based
on the transcendental philosophy as the last and most important and major Islamic philosophy evolution, this approach
is a strong system with logical method and has a strong theoretical transparency in order to understand the definition
of components such as ontology, anthropology, epistemology and cosmology. After explaining principles of mental
structures according to proposed Islamic worldview, the manner of emergence of the architectural work by creator of
the work and how it is perceived by the audience and the work relationship with reality, based on the quad and quintet
causes, ultimate and in instance, nominative, substantial, formal which have been considered in the formal position of
discussion. The manner of Islamic architecture as nominative cause and the advent of thought and imagination, as the
ultimate and in instance cause and actuality of the mass and the space, as substantial causes in the form of the face of
place as formal cause is the purpose of this research. The manner of creation and perception of the work and the manner
of presence and the advent of reality in architecture are examined by determining nature and the manner of emotions,
perceptions and cognition. The most important result of this study is to address the main mission of architecture as the
creator of the cognition factor.


Ahmadi, B. (1999). Truth & Beauty (lessons Philosophy of Art). Tehran: Markaz.
Alexander, C. (2012). Architecture and the secret of immortality. (M. Ghaiyoomi. Trans). Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University.
Alexander, C. (2011). The nature of the order. Living structures in architecture. (R. Cyrus Sabri. Trans). Tehran: Naqshe-e-Parham.
Ardalan, N & Bakhtiar,L . (2001). Sense of unity (mystical tradition in the Iranian architecture). (Shahrokh, H. Trans) Isfahan: Khak Publishing.
Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā). (1984). Kitab al-Shifa' (The Book of Healing). (A. Dana-Seresht. Trans). Tehran: Bina press.
Ching, F. D. K. (1994). Architecture: Form, Space, & Order. (Z. Gharagozlo, Trans). Tehran University Publications.
Dibaj, M. (1990). The Form of Place and Possibility of Form, Culture and Architecture, (1) 37-45.
Corbin, H. (1992). horizons of spiritual thinking in Islamic Iran (B. Parham, Trans). Tehran: Agah Publications.
Grote, L. &.  Wang, D. (2009). Architectural Research Methods. (A.  Eynifar, Trans). Tehran: Tehran university press.
Islami, Gh. (2013). The lesson of theoretical foundations of architecture: Make our glasses ourselves. Tehran: the Arts Research Center.
Kant, I. (2011). Critique of Pure Reason. (B. Nazari, Trans). Kermanshah: Bagh-e- Ney.
Lang, J. (2011). The creation of architectural theory: the role of behavioral sciences in environmental design. (A. Eynifar, Trans). Tehran: Tehran University Press.
Maddadpoor, M. (1998). Spiritual Wisdom and Art Realm. Tehran : Soore Press.
Moallemi, H. (2009). Substantive, philosophical and logical concepts of mind: Specialized Quarterly of epistemology. The tenth year. No. 40.
Motahhari, M. (2000). The question of knowledge, Tehran: Sadra.
Madadpur, M. (1998). Spiritual wisdom and art realm. Tehran: Sureh Publishing.
Mortazavi, Sh. (2001). Environmental Psychology and its application. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University Publications.
Naghi-Zadeh, M. (2010). Analysis and design of urban space. Tehran: ACECR Publications.
Nasr, H. (2001). Cognition and spirituality. (Rahmati, E. Trans) Tehran: Office of Research and publication of Suhrawardi.
Sabzevari, H. (2001). Wisdom letter. (Gh. Reza-Nejad, Commentator). Tehran: Zahra Publications.
Sadjadi, J. (1996). Dictionary of Philosophical and Theological Sciences, Tehran: Amir Kabir Publications.
Salehi, S. (2009). Written Architecture. Tehran: Shahrab Publishing.  
Shah-Cheraghi, A. (2012). Pardis Paradigms. Introduction to recognizing and recreating Persian garden. Tehran: ACECR Publications.
Shirazi,S. [Mullah Sadra] (1935). Marginal note to Explanation Eshragh Wisdom.Tehran: sangi press.
Shirazi, S. [Mullah Sadra] (1936). Sharh-i Hikmat al-Ishraq, Sangi Press.
Shirazi, S. [Mullah Sadra]  (2012). Al-Shawahid Al-Rububiyyah. (A. Babaei, Trans) Tehran: Molla Publication press.
Soleimani, Z. &  Khakpour,M.  (2014).  A Review of the Principles and Objectives of Contemporary Architecture in Iran From Mulla Sadra s Point of Vie. Joural of  Naqshe-jahan,(1) ,57-64.
Whiston, C. (2011). History of  philosophy from The Beginning to Plato,C 1997 (Hassan Mortazavy, Trans). Tehran:  Cheshme press.