Document Type : Original Paper


1 Ph.D. in Urban Planning, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University,Tehran, Iran.


Disaster Management and current approaches in this field in one hand only has focused to physical
vulnerabilities and in the other hand has included consequential action to reduce vulnerability and improve physical
preparation as well as resistance institutional insignificant during the disaster. Therefore, these approaches usually have
ignored the capabilities and capacities of residents to reduce vulnerabilities and consequently losses and damage. While
recent approaches have entered, the field of disaster management emphasized that at first vulnerability is beyond the
physical vulnerabilities and second vulnerabilities have an inverse relationship with the resident’s capacity in the face of
disaster. So, community-based disaster risk management need to recognize indicators of vulnerability and community
capacity and its relationship is essential. Accordingly, in the first step, the indicators of community capacity and community
vulnerability are provided and in the second step based on these indicators, community capacity and vulnerability have
been assessed. The assessment of community characters is based on GIS capabilities, spatial analysis tools and SPSS
and correlation regression is used for analyzing the relationship of the variables. The results and findings of this research
indicate that the vulnerability of urban areas is not only influenced by physical factors, but also social and organizational
factors like community organizing and community educating have affected strongly the vulnerability.


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