Study of Social, Physical Qualities and Satisfaction in Selected Students Halls of Residence, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Document Type : Original Paper


Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Life, Lecturer at Architecture, Joseph Ayo Babalola University (JABU), Ikeji-Arakeji,P.M.B 5006, Osun-State, Nigeria.


The study evaluated the physical qualities and satisfaction in students’ housing in selected
Students’ Housing for the University of Ibadan. Through survey method, eight hostels were purposively selected to
capture variation in gender, level of study and hostel design. The sampling frame showed that 5605 students at UI were
found in 2,147 rooms. One out of every 10 (10%) of the rooms were selected which amounted to 215 students selected.
The result shows that the functional qualities of the hostels were perceived among the students to be well above
average (55.3%). Similarly, both aesthetics (95.8%) and structural (89.3%) qualities of the hostels were perceived to
be excellent among the students. Also, respondents were satisfied with various services and amenities provided in the
Halls of Residence (54.4%) and 35.3% expressed neutral satisfaction. The study concluded that, Physical qualities and
Satisfaction are important in the study of Students’ Housing Design.


Abdullah, F.  (2006). Measuring service quality in higher education: three instruments
compared. International Journal of Research Method in Education, 29, 71-89.
Amérigo, M., &Aragonés, J. I. (1997). A Theoretical and methodological approach to the study
of residential satisfaction. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 17, 47-57.
Amole, B.,& Mills-Tettey,R. (1998).Income and housing satisfaction: A study of FESTAC
housing estate in Lagos, Nigeria. Ife Journal of environment Design and Management, 182, 27-41.
Amole, D. (2005). Coping strategies for living in student residential facilities in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Behaviour, 37, 201-219.
Amole, D. (2008). Residential satisfaction and levels of environment in students’ residences. Journal of Environment and Behaviour, 41, 866-879.
Aragonés, J. I., Francescato, G. & Garling, T. (2002). Residential Environment, Choice   Satisfaction &Behaviour. In Aragonés, J. I., Francescato, G. & Garling, T (Eds.).Bergin & Garvey. Westport,  Connecticut .London. pp. 2-33.
Baba, Y. &Astin,  M. D.  (1989). Neighbourhood environmental satisfaction, Victimization,
and Social participation as determinant of perceived Neighbourhood safety.               Environment & Behaviour. 21, 763-780.
 Bland, J. &Schoenauer, N. (1966) University Housing in Canada. Montreal: McGill University Press.
Bonaiuto, M. (2004). Residential satisfaction and perceived residential environment quality.In
Spielberger (Ed).Encyclopaedia of applied psychology, Vol.3 (pp.267-272).San Diego, C.A: Academics Press.
Canter, D., & Rees, K. (1982). A multivariate model of housing satisfaction. International Review of Applied Psychology, 31, 185–208.
Carp, F.M.& Cap, A., (1982). Perceived environmental quality of neighbourhoods: development of assessment scales and their relation to age and gender. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2 ,245-312.
Dahlan, N.D., Jones, P. J., Alexander, D.K., Salle, E. & Alias, J. (2009). Evidence base prioritisation of indoor comfort perceptions in Malaysian typical multi-storey hostels.Built. Environment, 44, 2158-2165.
Francescato, G., Weidemann, S., and Anderson, J.R. (1989). Evaluating the built environment       from the users point of view: an attitudinal model. In W.F.E. Preiser (ed.) Building evaluation (pp.181-198),London: Prenum Press.
Galster, G. (1987).Indentifying the correlates of dwelling satisfaction: an empirical
Critique Environment And Behaviour,19,539-568.
Giuliani, M.V. (2003). Attachment and place. In Bonnes, M., Lee,T. & Bonaiuto (Eds.),
          Psychological theories for environmental issues. Aldershot,UK.Ash gate, (pp.137-170).
Karlin, R. A., Rosen, L. S., & Epstein, Y. M. (1979). Three Into Two Doesn't Go: A Follow-
 up on the Effects of Overcrowded Dormitory Rooms. Personality and Social        Psychology Bulletin, 5, 391-395.
Kaya,  N. &Erkip, F.( 2001). Satisfaction in a dormitory building: The effects of floor height
   on theperception of room size and crowding. Journal of Environmental Behaviour. 33, 
Khozaei, F., Hassan, A.S. &Khozaei, Z. (2010). Undergraduate students' satisfaction with hostel and sense of attachment to place: Case study of university sains Malaysia. Am. Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, 3, 516-520.
Khozaei, F., Hassan, A.S., Razak, N.A.,(2011). Development and validation of the student accommodation preferences instrument. Journal of Building Appraisal, 6, 299–313.
Khozaei, N. Ayub, A. S. Hassan & Z. Khozaei,(2010a). “The Factors Predicting Students' Satisfaction with University Hostels, Case Study, UniversitiSains Malaysia,” Asian Culture and History,  2, 148-158.
Li, L.,  Maximova, E., Saunders, K. Whalen, D.F.  & Shelley,  M.C. (2007). “The Influence of Custodial, Maintenance, and Residence Life Services on Student Satisfaction in Residence Halls,” Journal of College and University Student Housing, 34, 43-52.
Marans, R. W. (1976). Perceived quality of residential environments: Some methodological
issues, in K. H. Craik& E. H. Zube (Eds) Perceiving environmental quality: Research
and applications (New York: PlenumPress).
Mohit, M. A., Ibrahim, M. &Rashid, Y.R. (2010).Assessment of residential satisfaction in
Newly designed public low-cost housing in KualaLumpur, Malaysia. Habitat Int.,
Najib, N. U., Yusof, N.A., Osman, Z. (2011a). “Measuring Satisfaction with Student Housing 
Facilities,” American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 4,
Najib, N. U., Yusof, N.A., Osman, Z. (2011). The Influence of Socio-Economic Backgrounds
towards Satisfaction with Student Housing Facilities: American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 58, 478-483.
Oseland, N.A., (1990). An evaluation of space in view homes. Proceedings of the international Association of  People-Environment Studies (IAPS) conference, Turkey.
Price, I.,  Matzdorf, S F.,  Smith, L. &Agahi, H.(2003).The impact of facilities on student
choice.(pp. 22-41).
Speare, A. (1974). Residential satisfaction as an intervening variable in residential mobility, Demography,11, 173–188.
Susilawati, C., (2001). Student dormitory development plan with linear programming method.
Proceeding of the PRREs 7th Annual Conference, (PRREsAC’ 01), Surabaya, Indonesia, (pp. 1-8).
Weidemann, S. & Anderson, J. R. (1985).A conceptual framework for residential            satisfaction, in: Altman, I and Werner, R. Home Environments, (pp.153–182) (New York: Plenum Press).