Document Type : Original Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Ph.D. Candidate, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Thran, Iran.


As it is commonly understood, Urban neighborhoods play a significant role in developing urban
sustainability as the smallest unit of city so that the formation and promotion of neighborhood identity, and focusing
on social relationships would be in harmony with urban sustainability. It is believed that a dramatic change in spatial
structure of urban neighborhood include a decline in levels of political, social and economic role of neighborhoods
as long as they have had some disadvantages such as environmental pollution, marginalization, poor housing, socialpsychological
and cultural damages, and particularly losing spiritual and material values as well in the recent decades. To
limit these disadvantages associated with communities, neighborhood centers should be designed. The purpose of this
study will analyze the concept of neighborhoods and neighborhoods’ centers and their effects on urban sustainability by
descriptive- analytical approach and by gathering information through libraries and reviewing documents. This paper
engages in analyzing components, dimensions, factors of sustainability and neighborhoods centers that integrated
in the final model which characterized by practical-economic, environmental, empirical- aesthetic components; and,
the validity of the used questionnaires based on factors of this model with 387 subjects (the selected sample) and
the reliability of the questionnaires by using Cronbach Alpha through Bartlett Test and KMO factor at high level
of 0/85 was proved. The level of significance of each component was reexamined by concerning their effects on
urban sustainability. By applying multiple- regression test, the statistical outcomes reveal that designing based on
environmental components have the utmost impact on neighborhoods sustainability.


Al-Hagla, Kh.. (2008). Towards A Sustainable Neighborhood: The Role of Open Spaces. International Journal of Architectural Research, 2 (2), 162-177.
Azizi, M. (2006). Sustainable residential neighborhoods; Case study of Narmak neighborhood. Journal of Fine Arts, 27. 35-46.
Barghjelveh, Sh.., & Sayad, N., (2011). Using the Component Model of Sustainable Landscape for the Quality Assessment of Urban Natural Public Spaces: A Case Study from Tehran’s River-valleys, International Journal Of Architecture and Urban Development, 1(2), 5-24.
Barton, H., Daniels, I., Davis, G., & Guise, R. (1996). Going Green by Design, Sustainable Urban Design, Vol. 1 (57).
Barton¸ H. (2003). Shaping Neighborhoods, guide for health¸ Sustainability and vitality. London and New York: Spon Press.
Cowan, R. (2005). The Dictionary of Urbanism.USA: Streetwise press.
Dehghani, Kh. (2009). Social Investment, State of Rantir and Social pluralism. The Political Monthly of Iranian Strategy, 55,126-128.
Edalatibazaz, M. (2011). Explore the reasons for inefficiency of neighborhood center and introduce solutions to flourish them (case study Sadaf, Dandanpezeshkan, Rezashahr, Banafshe neighborhood of city Mashhad), Unpublished master’s thesis, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, MA.
Evani,­ H. (1999). District from objectivity to subjectivity and objectivity to subjectivity. Unpublished master’s thesis. Islamic Azad University. Mashhad, MA.
Faramarzi Asli, M., & Mofidi Shemirani, S. M., (2011), Codification of Sustainable Development Indicators in New Town of Iran: A Practical Municipal Level Approach, International Journal Of Architecture and Urban Development, 1(2), 55-62
Golkar, k. (2000). The influential components of urban designing quality. Soffe magazine, 32, 28-65.
Habiby, S.M. (1996). The flux of the city. Tehran: Tehran University Press.
Jafari, Firouz., Ghorbani, Rasoul., (2013). Urban Density and Social Sustainable Development on Neighborhoods Case Study: Tabriz, Iran, Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 3(8) 457-467.
Lynch, K. (1997). Good city form. (H.Bahraini, Trans.). Tehran: Tehran University Press. (Original work published 1983).Massachusette: MIT Press.
Pakzad, J. (1990). Neighborhoods unit, Soffeh magazine, 1, 16-20.
Tavasoli, M. (1993). The design of urban spaces. Tehran: Research Center of Urban Planning and Architecture.
Sara, H., & Navidpur, M. R. (2007). Sustainability in cities from yesterday to today. Haft Shahr magazine, 21-22, 5-20.
Sarrafi, M. (1996). Sustainable development and responsible of urban planners. Journal of Architecture and Urban Planning, 35,39-45.
Soltanzadeh, H. (1993). Urban spaces in the historical context of Iran. Tehran:  Tehran Municipality in collaboration with the Office of Cultural Research.
Teriman, et al. (2010). Sustainable urban development: formulation of indicator – based residential sustainability assessment framework for local level. In The 3rd Knowledge Cities World Summit, World Capital Institute, Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre, Melbourne, pp. 604-613.
Williams, M. (1985). Neighborhood organization: Seeds of a new Urban Life, We Sport. England, London: Greenwood Press.
Ziari, K. A. (2005). Urban land use planning. Yazd: Yazd University Press.