Criteria and Indicators of Presence Quality Improvement in Urban Spaces (Case Study: Historical Texture of Kashan city)


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Urban space has been formed in historical texture of cities under the influence of meaning and shape on the one
hand and qualities related to human behaviors on the other hand. Among these points, neighborhood centers as the
most important areas of social life in urban open space play a critical role in attracting people and improving quality
and vitality of environment. This study presents the related literature in an analytical approach and expresses the
relationship between neighborhood centers and human presence by structure analysis; it focuses on rules governing
presence quality and formed behaviors in this places. In this survey, human and his presence in neighborhood centers
are evaluated and urban spaces concept is formed by composing space location characteristics and human behavior.
At least, it is sated that people`spresence in urban space of neighborhood centers expresses their thoughts and cultural
interactions whose form shows its function and meaning. Therefore, humans would appear in urban space in a way that
neighborhood centers quality depends on activity kind and their user's behavioral patterns.


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