Amphoux, P. (1998). La Notion D’ambiance. Irec-Epel: Lausanne.
Bertolini, L. (1999). Spatial development patterns and public transport: The application of an analytical model in the Netherlands. Plan. Pract. Res., 14(2), 199-210.
Bertolini, L., & Djist, M. (2003). Mobility environments and network cities. J. Urban Design, 8(1), 27-43.
Bonanomi, L. (1990). Le Temps Des Rues. Irec-Eple: Lausanne.
Braza, M. (2003). Parks, Community Gardens and Open Space in Urban Neighborhoods. Retrieved May 23, 2012, from http://www.neighborhoodcoalition.org/Smartgrowth/article.asp?art
Calthorpe, P. (1993). The Next American Metropolis. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.
Cowan, R. (2005). The Dictionary of Urbanism. New York: Streetwise Press.
Dickey, J. W., & Watts, T. M. (1978). Analytic Techniques in Urban Regional Planning. New York: McGraw-Hill press.
Dong, X., Ben-Akiva, M. E., Bowman, J. L., & Walker, J. L. (2006). Moving from Trip-based to Activity based Measures of Accessibility. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 40, 163-180.
Erkip, F. (1997). The distribution of urban public services: The case of parks and recreational services in Ankara. Cities, 14(6), 353-361.
Fokouhi, N., (2004). Urban Anthropology. Tehran: Ney Publication.
Gehl, J. (1996). Life between Buildings: Using Public Space. Third Ed., Copenhagen: Arkitektens Forlag.
Glazer, N., & Lilla, M. (1987). The Public Face of Architecture. New York: Free Press.
Goodmann, W. (1968). Principles and Practice of Urban Planning. Washington: International City Manager’s Association.
Gratz, R.B., & Mintz, N. (1996). Cities: Back from the Edge: New Life for Downtown. New York: Preservation Press, Wiley.
Handy, S. L., & Niemeier, D. A. (1997). Measuring Accessibility: An Exploration of Issues and Alternatives. Environment and Planning A, 29, 1175-1194.
Harnik, P. (2003). The excellent park system: What makes it great and how to get there?. Washington: National Recreation and Parks Association. EBSCO Publishing.
Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Vintage Press.
Khastou, M., & Rezvani, N. (2010). Effective factors on vitality of urban spaces: Creating a vital urban space relying on the concept of walking shopping center. Journal of Hoviate-Shahr, 4(6), 113-138.
Kiwi, R., & Lokawan, C. (2007). Research Method in Social Sciences. (A. Nikgohar Trans.), 2ndEd. Tehran: Toutya Publication.
Koenig, J. G. (1980). Indicators of urban accessibility: theory and application. Transportation, 9(2), 145-172.
Lang, J. (1987). Creating Architectural Theory. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.
Lau, J.C.Y., & Chiu, C.C.H. (2003). Accessibility of low-income workers in Hong Kong. Cities, 20(3), 197-204.
Levinson, D. M. (1998). Accessibility and the journey to work. Journal of Transport Geography, 6(1), 11-21.
Lynch, K. (1984). Good City Form. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Lynch, K. (2002). Theory of Good Form City. (A.Bahreiny Trans.).Tehran: Tehran University Press.
Madanipour, A. (2000). Designing Urban Space, (Mortazaee Trans.). Tehran: Urban Processing and Planning Co. Publication.
Marjan Consultant Engineers, (1966). Comprehensive Plan of Hamadan, Hamadan: Housing and Urbanism Organization of Hamadan.
Mouzhdar Advisory Engineers, (1984). Development and Civil Plan of Hamadan. Hamadan: Housing and Urbanism Organization of Hamadan.
Mueller, J. H., Schuessler, K. F., & Costner, H. L. (1977). Statistical reasoning in sociology (2ndEd.). Michigan: Houghton Mifflin.
Nordberg Shultz, K. (1975). Being, Space and Architecture. (M.H. Hafezi Trans.). Tehran: Tehran University Press.
Pakzad, J. (1997). What is Urban Design. Journal of Abadi, 33(2), 31-34.
Pasaogullari, N., & Doratli, N. (2004). Measuring accessibility and utilization of public spaces in Famagusta. Cities, 21(3), 225-232.
Paumier, C. (2007). Creating a Vibrant City Center, (ULI) Urban Land Institute. Washington, DC: Public Land Pub.
Rogers, W. (2003). The Excellent City Park System. What Makes It Great And How To Get There, In P Harnik(Ed).Washington: The Trust for Public Land, Pub.
Salehi, E. (2008). Environmental Characteristics of Secure Urban Spaces. Tehran: Architecture and Urbanism Research Center.
Shoaie, H., Mokhtabad Amrei, S. M., & Habib, F. (2013). Public Urban Spaces: Reflecting the Collective Rituals (Iranian Tkayay and Hosseiniyeh). International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, 3(2), 31-38.
Sorkin, M. (1992). Variations on a Theme Park: The New American City and the End of Public Space. New York: Hill and Wang.
Talen, E. (1998). Visualizing Fairness: Equity Maps for Planners. Journal of the American Planning Association, 64(1), 22-38.
Talen, E., (2000). Measuring the public realm: A preliminary assessment of the link between public space and sense of community. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 17(4), 344-359.
Talen, E. (2003). Neighborhoods as Service Providers: A Methodology for Evaluating Pedestrian Access. Environment and Planning B, 30, 181-200.
Tibbalds, F. (1992). Making People Friendly Towns: Improving the Public Environments in Towns and Cities. Essex: Longman Press, Harlow.
Vernez-Moudon, A. (1992). A Catholic approach to organizing what urban designers should know. J. Plan. Literature, 6(4), 331-349.
Whyte, W. H. (2000). How to Turn a Place Around. Projects for Public Space Inc. Retrieved June 12, 2012, from http://www.pps.org
Worpole, K. (1992). Towns for People: Transforming Urban Life. Buckingham: University Press.
Yazdanfar, A., Ghaem-maghami, S., & Ahmadpour, P. (2013). Applying design ideas to promote security of urban spaces. International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, 4(1), 51-62.