Planning and Design of Urban Sustainable Riparian Park (Case Study: Kan River- Valley)

Document Type : Original Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.Sc., Environmental Design, Department of Environmental Planning, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


One of the most important natural factors and critical facilities in Tehran is presence of Alborz
Slopes River-Valleys which have been considered as natural tourist places for citizens since a long time ago, especially
in hot summers and play effective role in creating a balance between manmade and natural spaces. Importance of
these river-valleys as ecological pathways is enhanced with the increase in population and development of river-valley
cities can become a vital element of urban life cycle. However unfortunately, their inappropriate use has only reduced
the quality of life in their area. Design of riparian parks, establishing dynamic edges and creating lively urban space
may give a new spirit into the lifeless body of these river-valleys. This paper has been written aiming at planning and
design of sustainable resorts in the area of Kan River-Valley (The largest urban watercourse of Tehran) and attempted
to answer this question that has Kan River ecological context and environmental characteristics to become a green
urban corridor? Land use planning process has been used and strategic planning has been performed using analytical
- descriptive method of artificial, natural and visual characteristics of the subject area, relying on the table Strengths,
Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threat (SWOT) and using present capabilities and removing barriers. The research
results show that using sustainable ecologic landscape design and compatible with the environment, is an appropriate
strategy for revitalizing the urban river-valleys.


Alinasab, M. A. (2012). Criteria and Provisions of
Park Sustainable Design with Environmental Approach in
the Margin of Urban River Valleys (Case Study: Design of
Darabad Regional Park). Unpublished master' s thesis,Tehran
Amani, M. Leghaei, H. A., Atabi, F., & Mousavi Fatemi,
H. (2012). Park design with sustainability approach in
Verdijshahr Valley of Tehran. Hoviate Shahr Journal,11, 27-
Behtash, F., Aghababaei, M. T., & Mohammad Amini,
M. (2010). Farahzad River Valley Status (before and after
organization). Daneshe Shahr, 15.
Bemanian, M. R. (2008). Planning towards restoring
natural environment of river valleys of Tehran in the
Approach of Strategic Factors Analysis (Case study: Velenjak
River Valley). Environmental Sciences, 4,14-1.
Boomsazegan Consulting Engineers Company, (2007),
Master Plan of Tehran. Tehran:Iran.
Bozorgi, Alireza. (2004). Planning and Design of
Regional Echo Park of Kan River Valley. Unpublished master
's thesis, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran.
Bozorgi, A., Pourjaafar, M. R., & Bemanian, M. R. (2005).
Planning procedure to restore the river valleys of Tehran, Case
Study: Kan River Valley. Journal of Geographical Research,
Confluence East. 2010. Retrieved 2/8/2010, from http://
Eisanazar Foumani, A. (2005). Organization and Design
of Abandoned Watercourses of Tehran. Unpublished master 's
thesis, Tehran University, Tehran.
Horii , R. (2007). Guadalupe River Park and Gardens.
Retrieved 5/9/2010, from
Kohan, G. (1997). Study of Indicators in sustainable
development, economic development and national accounts
in a green context, (1th ed). Tehran: Institute for Commercial
Studies and Research Publication.
Leghaei, H. A., Karbasi, A., & Mirzaei, F. (2009).
Recreational Site Design in Urban River Bank . (1th ed).
Tehran : Center for Tehran Studies and Planning Publication.
Long, J. (2005) .Urban design; A Typology of procedures
and products. Oxford: Architectural press.
Makhzoumi, J. & Pungetti, G. (1999). Ecological
Landscape Design and Planning, The Mediterranean Context.
Londen : E. & F.N. Spon, Rouledge.
Mansouri, M., & Sazandeh, M. (2009). Design of linear
and coastal parks with emphasis on the southern coast of Iran.
Abadi Journal, 26, 146-153.
Mansouri, S. A. (2010). The Nature of Urban Landscape.
Landscape Monthly Journal, 6,30-33.
Mirzaei, F. (2007). Recreational Organization and
Design of Kan Riverbank in order to Improve the Quality of
Life in District 22 of Tehran. Unpublished master 's thesis,
science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University of
Salehi, M. (2007). Ecological Design of Riparian Parks.
Unpublished master 's thesis, Tehran University, Tehran.
Sheibani, M. (1996). Homogeneous Development of
Urban Park and Landscape. Landscape Journal, 1, 26.
International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development
Vol.4, No.2, Summer 2014
Tehran municipal Services Department of Park and Landscape
- Tehran manicipality district 22. (2010). Tehran master
plan 2008.(2010). Retrieved 05.09.2010 from http://region
22. Tehran, ir.
- Van der Ryn, S., & Cowan, S. (1996). Ecological design.
Washington DC: Island Press.
- Yazdgerd, Fatemeh. ( 2011 ). Recreation Sustainability
With emphasis on The role of nature in Physical structure
Iranian cities - Islamic ( case study: tehran maghsood beik
River Valley ). Journal of Studies On Iranian - Islamic City.
- Yeang, K. (1995). Designing with Nature: The ecological
basis for architectural design. New York : McGraw-Hill.