Document Type : Original Paper


1 Ph. D., Candidate Department of Art & Architecture, Science And Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph. D.,Department of Architecture, Shahr_e_Ray Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Architecture, Beyza Branch, Islamic Azad University, Beyza, Iran.


The purpose of this research is to found the impact of built area and occupant number on winter gas consumption in the residential building sector of Iran, Shiraz.Sothe annually and monthly gas consumption data through 19 houses were analyzed to achieve the heating energy consumption and operation month.The average operation months of gas heating consumption were from first of November up to end of April and the average maximum monthly gas consumption of sample houses was in February. On the other hand, the case study houses have different built area from 80 t0 200 m2andoccupant number from 3 to 7 persons.It was concluded that the biggest and busiest houses did not consume the maximum annual gas consumption and so the smallest and low occupant ones about minimum consumption. Therefore, the samples heating consumption was not so related to the built area and occupant number. The occupant culture and behavior was more supposed to be related with energy consumption in residential sector of the city.