The Role of Socio-Cultural Components on the Performance of Mosques in Urban Neighborhoods (Case Study: A Comparative Study of Three Districts of Tehran)

Document Type : Original Paper


1 Ph.D. Student in Urban Planning, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Urban Planning, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor & H. o.D of Urban Planning &Design, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

4 M.A student in urban design, Department of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.


The experience of Iranian-Islamic cities represents the role of mosques on physical and social
organization in urban neighborhoods. It appears that this role has been changed during the contemporary era. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of social and cultural contexts on the performance of local mosques. The main question of this research is: “What is the relationship between social context and the performance of local mosques?” The research hypo thesis is that the reseems to be a significant relationship between the social factors and the performance of local mosques in urban neighborhoods. Methodology of the research has been based on analyticaldescriptive method. In order to examine this hypothesis, the or etical and practical definitions of the survey’s variables, “social component of mosques and their performance in urban neighborhoods", are provided applying the theory of social capital. Afterward, the indexes of each variable are determined and applied in questionnaire to be evaluated in case studies. The data of the study were analyzed through SPSS software and the hypothesis was confirmed with 95%
confidence level.


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