The Application of Tactile Experience in Urban Perception

Document Type : Original Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Art and Architecture, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Urban perception is the result of mutual transaction between human and environment and the process of perception is developed through the three continuous steps of “sensation”, “perception” and “cognition”. In the first step (sensorial perception), the environmental signals are received via sensorial sensors and each different sense based on its own essence, performance and ability has its own specific contribution to develop the process of perception of the environment and replace the concept in mind. The sensorial experience made from these environmental perceptions will lead to better understanding and recognition of urban features and qualities. Different senses play different roles to enrich the environmental experience based on their depth and quantity. This paper aims at remembering forgotten distinguished values of tactility in perception of urban space and study is conducted using analytical method with an interpretive approach. The tactile senses because of their unique features like universality and diversity and experiencing the space without any medium and understanding the time and place are not emphasized much. The present study aimed to manifest the forgotten values of tactile sense and its efficiency in urban environment.


Bell, S. (1999) Landscape: Pattern Perception and Process, E & F N Spon, London.
Carmona, M.( 2006). Public places , urban spaces. Tehran art University publications. Tehran.
Coren, S. ( 2008). Sensation and perception. Translated by Siavash Jamalfar. Arasbaran publication.
Cowan،R. ( 2008) . The dictionary of urbanism. Streetwise press.
Diaconu،M.(2011) . City walks and tactile experience. Published on January 6. Retrieved from, .
Faali, M.T.(1997). Sensory perception from the view of Avicenna. Andishe publication.  Iran E. library.
Fakhori, H., & Jar. Kh. (1994). Philosphy history in Islamic world. Translated by Ayati, Abdolmohammad. Tehran. Scientific and cultural publications.
Hall, E. T.(1997). The hidden dimension. Translated by Dr. Manuchehr Tabibian. Tehran University publications.
Henshaw, V.(2012). An investigation into the role of smell in sustainable urban design. Retreived from
Iravani, M., & Khodapanahi, M.K.( 2011). Psychology of sensation and perception (edition 2), Tehran. SAMT. Fifth publication.
Lang, J.( 2009). Creating architectural theory. The role of behavioral sciences in environment design. Translated by Eynifar, Alireza. Tehran University publications.
Motallebi, Q.(2001). Environmental psychology a new knowledge of urban design and architecture. Fine arts. Winter.
Naghizade, M. (2007). The aesthetic perception and city identity in Islamic thinking. cultural, recreation organization of Isfahan municipality. Isfahan.
Palasma, Y.( 2009). Eyes architecture skin and sensory perception. Translated by Ramin Qods. Ganj Honar-Parham Naqsh.
Molasadra.M.(2001). Asfar. Translated by Asfar Arbae, fourth trip from creation to creation. Translated by Mohammad Khajavi. Moli publications.
Salingaros, N. A. (2006). A theory of architecture. Translated by Zarinmehr, Saeed, Motaki Zahir. Urbanization and architecture.
Saski،K.(1998) . “ The city culture reader “For whom is city design: tactility versus visuality; Retrieved from  city
Sepehri,S. 1989. The eight books.Tehran.Tahoori publications.
Sohrevardi, S. (1993). The attributes. Vol. 3. (Partoname, Yazdan shenakht), introduction of Seyed Hossein Nasr. Tehran. Humanity sciences research center.