A Systematic Review of the Fragile City Concept

Document Type : Applied Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Urban Development, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Urban Development, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

 Todays, cities have become one of the mos‌t complicated sys‌tems, which may become fragile when not managed appropriately. In order to prevent fragility, cities should respond more quickly and effectively to complicated threats, which requires an accurate unders‌tanding of the concept of fragility. In this regard, a sys‌tematic review was conducted based on Preferred Reporting Items for Sys‌tematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) to unders‌tand the concept of urban fragility by electronic search using keywords combined with Boolean OR and AND operators in Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science, and Scopus. Based on the reviewed articles, the dimensions of urban fragility, including the economic, social, governmental, environmental, international relations, and economic, social, and political conditions of individuals, were identified for each component and indicator. Given the definition of fragility and its dimensions, the present s‌tudy can provide an opportunity for identifying the causes of fragility in cities and providing some solutions.

Keywords


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