Residents’ Satisfaction with Adequacy of Facilities in Metropolitan Ibadan, Nigeria

Document Type : Applied Article


1 Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Wesley University Ondo, Nigeria.

2 Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Lagos, Nigeria.


The study examined the quantity and quality of infrastructure in Ibadan, Nigeria with a view to using information to providing policy guidelines for sustainable infrastructural development. Using stratified sampling technique, a total of fifteen wards from the five local government areas in Ibadan metropolis were selected for study. The selection of all the local government areas is based on the fact that all of them cut across all the residential zones in the metropolis and them all spatially coverage at the centre of the city. Primary data for the study were collected through the questionnaire administered on 1,035 respondents (2% of household heads in all the residential buildings in the metropolis), using systematic sampling technique. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyse the data obtained. Findings showed that deviations about the mean of the satisfaction index of the facilities such as church and dispensary were higher than their respective FAI. Furthermore, findings revealed that these infrastructural facilities were very adequate to the residents, but the residents were not satisfied with their adequacy in the study area. These facilities were mosque, nursery/primary school and secondary school. This implied that these facilities were available and adequate to greatly satisfy the residents. Thus, the study concluded that infrastructure facilities in Ibadan metropolis were fair.


Adedibu, A.O. (1995). The Essence and Scope of Development Control. Proceeding of              Workshop of The Nigerian Institute of Town Planners, Lagos. 1995.
Adell, G. (1999) Theories and models of the peri-urban interface: A changing              conceptual landscape. Retrieved from :
Adetunji, J.A. (2008). Housing Quality and its effects on the Health of the Dwellers (A case Study of Apomu Township), An unpublished   PGD Thesis submitted to the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Akure..
Afon A.O. (2000) ‘Use of Residents’ Environmental Quality Indicator (EQI) Data in Core Residential Housing Improvement,’ Effective Housing In the 21st Century Nigeria, Federal University of Technology Akure.
Afon, A.O. (2007a): An analysis of solid waste generation in a traditional African city: the example of  Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Environment and urbanization. Vol. 19. No. 2:   527-537
Afon, A.O. (2007b). An analysis of solid waste generation in a traditional African city:  the example of Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Environment and urbanization., 19, 527-537
Afon, A.O. (2009) Residents and the Development Control Agency: A Perceptual Study of two Local Planning Authorities. Journal of Environmental Design and Management. Vol.11, No. 1, 44-54.
Agbola, T. & Agbola, E.O. (1997). The Development of Urban and Regional               Planning  Legislation and their Impact  on the Morphology of Nigerian Cities. Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies, Vol. 39, No.1,.123              144.
Andrews, F. M., & McKennell, A. C. (1980). Measures of self-reported well-being: Their affective, cognitive, and other components. Social indicators research8(2), 127-155.
Argyle, M., Martin, M., & Crossland, J. (1989). Happiness as a function of personality and social encounters. Recent advances in social psychology: An international perspective, 189-203.
Beckie, T. & Hayduk, L. (1997). Measuring Quality Of Life. Social Indicators Research 42: 21-39. (AD, C)
Bovaird, T. & Loffler, E. (2003). Evaluating the Quality of Public Governance: Indicators, Models and Methodologies.  DOI: 10.1177/0020852303693002 International Review of Administrative Sciences 2003 69: 313 , retrieved from: http://ras.sagepub.eom/contcnt/69/3/313
Blanchflower, D.G., Oswald, A.J. and Stutzer, A. (2001). Latent Entrepreneurship Across Nations, European Economic Review, 26-60.
Bowling, A. & Windsor, J. (2001): Towards the good life. A population survey of dimensions of quality of life. Journal  of Happiness Studies, 2001; 2:55-81.
Bowling, A., Banister, D., Sutton, S., Evans, O., & Windsor, J. (2002). A multidimensional model of the quality of life in older age. Aging & mental health6(4), 355-371.
Bramston, P., Chipuer, H. & Pretty, G. (2005). Conceptual principles of quality of life: an empirical exploration. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49 (10), 728-733.
Campbell, A. (1976). Subjective measures of well-being. American psychologist31(2), 117.
Costanza, R. (2007). Quality of Life; An approach Integrating Opportunities, Human needs and Subjective Well-being. Ecological Economics 61, pp. 267-276
Duhl, L. J., Hancock, T., & Twiss, J. (1998). A dialogue on healthy communities: Past, present, and future. National Civic Review87(4), 283-292.
Egunjobi, L. and Agbola, T. (1996). “Introduction” in Agbola S. B. and Egunjobi Layi (eds) Environmental Health and the Potential of the Healthy City Approach in Nigeria. Proceedings of the First Healthy City Conference in Nigeria, 14-16 June, 1993 pp. 1-6. Ibadan; Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) (1992). Nigeria Urban and Regional Planning Decree 1992. Lagos: Federal Government Press.
Flora, C.B. (2004). Quality of Life versus Standard of Living. Rural Development News, retrieved from:
Foo, T.S. (2000). Subjective assessment of urban quality of life in Singapore (1997- 1988). Habitat International, 24(1). 31-49.
Giroult, E. (1996). The Healthy City Concept; Process Development and Project Compositon in Agboola S.B. and  Egunjobi Layi (eds) Environmental Health and The Potential of the Healthy City Approach in Nigeria. Proceedings of  the first Healthy City Conference in Nigeria, 14-16, June, 1993, pp. 6-19, Ibadan.
Hayes, D., & Ross, C. E. (1986). Body and mind: The effect of exercise, overweight, and physical health on psychological well-being. Journal of health and social behavior, 387-400.
Heuch, D. & Schulz, R. (2012). Special Reports: The Pittshurgh Regional Quality of Life Survey. // UCSUR. Accessed on January, 12th     2014.
Ietto, F., Salvo, F., & Cantasano, N. (2014). The quality of life conditioning with reference to the local environmental management: A pattern in Bivona country (Calabria, Southern Italy). Ocean & coastal management102, 340-349.
Ife, O.I. (2007). An Assessment of Development Control Practices in Oyo East Local  Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. Thesis presented to the Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo, Nigeria.
Keeble, L. (1969) Principle and practice of Town and Country Planning. London: Estate Gazette.
Lucas, R.E., Clark, A., Georgellis, Y. & Diener, E., (2003). Reexamining Adaptation and the Set Point Mode of  Happiness: Reactions to Changes in Marital Status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Issue: Volume  84(3), March 2003, p 527-539. Copyright: © 2003 by the American Psychological Association. Publication Type.
Mabogunje, A. (2002). Re-constructing the Nigerian City: The New Policy on Urban Development and Housing,  Paper presented at a National Conference on the               City in Nigeria, Ile Ife 2002.
Mabogunje, A.L., Mistra, R.P. & Hardoy, J.E. (1978). Planning Laws, Building Standards and the Politics of Illegality  in Human Settlements: A Case Study from Ibadan, Nigeria.
Mata, F. (2002). A Look at Life Satisfaction and Ethnicity in Canada. Canadian Ethnic              Studies, 34(1), 51-64.
McKennell, A. C. (1978). Cognition and affect in perceptions of well-being. Social indicators research5(1-4), 389-426.
Michalos, A. C., Zumbo, B. D., & Hubley, A. (2000). Health and the quality of life. Social Indicators Research51(3), 245-286.
McCrea, R. & Shyy, T.K, and Stimson, R. (2006).What is the strength of the link between objective and subjective  indicators of urban Quality of Life? Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1(1), 79-96.
Moshen, J., & Afshari, S. (2009). Big Five Personality Traits and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Life Satisfaction in Iranian Muslim University Students. Journal of Happiness Study.
Mundia, C.N. & Aniya, M. (2006).  “Dynamics of Land Use/Cover Changes and Degeneration of Nairobi City, Kenya”, Land Degradation and Development    17(1), 97-108.
O’Boyle, C. A. (1997). Measuring the Quality of Later Life. Philosophical Transactions:             Biological Science - Ageing:  Science, Medicine, and Society. 352, pp. 1871-1879.
Olapegba, P. O. (2010). Perceived Quality of Life: Towards a Generic Measure in Nigerian Culture. Ibadan Journal of the Social Sciences (In Press).
Olapegba, P. O. (2008). Psychosocial factors and environmental adaptation as predictors of aggressive tendency and perceived quality of life among people living near refuse dumpsites, Lagos, Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan.
Omar, D. B. (2009). Assessing Residents Quality of Life in Malaysian New Towns. Asian SocialSciences, 5(6), pp. 94,
Omole, F.K. (2010):A Survey of Antimalarial Drug Use Practices among Urban Dwellers in Abeokuta, Nigeria. African Journal of Biomedical Research, Vol 13, No 1 (2010)
Omole, F.K. & Rotowa, O.O. (2010). Assessment of Housing Quality and its effects on the Health of the Residents of Apomu, Nigeria. MAN, Technological Advancement and Sustainable Environment. Proceedings of the International Conference of the School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, 328-331.
Onokerhoraye, G.A. & Omuta, G.E.D. (1994). City Structure and Planning for Africa. The Benin Social Science Series for Africa, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
Oyesiku, O.O. (2009): City Livability: implications and Challenges, A keynote address in City Planning for Livable Human Settlements. Proceedings of 2009 Nigerian Institute of Town Planning, Commonwealth Association of Planners, West Africa Workshop, Lagos, Nigeria.
Oyo State Independence Electoral Commission (2012). Local Government Areas in Ibadan Metropolis: Stratified into the existing political wards
Palmore, E., & Luikart, C. (1972). Health and social factors related to life satisfaction. Journal of health and social behavior, 68-80.
Post, M.W., DeWitt, L.P., & Scrijvers, A.J. (1999). Quality of life and the ICDH: Towards an integrated conceptual model for rehabilitation outcomes research. Clinical Rehabilitation, 13 (1), 5-15.
Prescott-Allen, R. (2001). The wellbeing of nations. Island Press.
Rusche, K. (2010). Quality of life in the regions: an exploratory spatial data analysis for West German labor markets. Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft30(1), 1-22.
Senlier, N., Yiediz, R. & Aktas, E.D. (2009). A Perception Survey for the Evaluation of Urban Quality of Life in  Kocaeli and a comparison of the Life Satisfaction  with the European Cities. Social Indicators Research, 94(2), pp. 213-226
Sirgy, M. J. (2002). How neighborhood features affect quality of life. Social indicators research59(1), 79-114.
Sirgy, M.J. & Cornwell, T. (2002): How Neighborhood Features Affect Quality of Life, Social Indicators Research,  Vol. 59, No. 1 (Jul., 2002), pp. 79-114Published by: Springer Stable URL:
Tesfazghi, E.S. (2009). Urban Quality of Life and its Spatial distribution in Addis Ababa: Kirkos sub-city. ITC, Enshede.
Veenhoven, R. (2002). Why social policy needs subjective indicators. Social Indicators Research, 58 (1-3), 2002, 3346.
Veenhoven, R. (2004). Subjective Measures of Well-being. Discussion Paper No. 2004/07. From The World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER). Retrieved March 20, 2005 on 28th, May, 2016.
Veenhoven, R. & Hagerty, M. (2006). Rising happiness in nations 1946e2004: a reply to Easterlin. Social Indicators  Research, 79(3), 421e436.
World Health Organisation (WHO) (2007). WHOQOL User Manual.              WHO/MHN/MHP/98.4, downloaded from on December