Effect of Green Space on Resident`s Place Attachment in Residential Spaces (Case Study: Villa and Apartment Dwellers in Shiraz)

Document Type : Case study


1 Asistant Professor, Architecture and Urban Studies Research Center, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz,Iran

2 Ph.D. Architectural Student, Architecture and Urban tudies Research Center, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz,Iran


Living space is a place of relaxation, and those with a sense of attachment to the environment are more satisfied with their living space. According to the literature, being in nature is very effective in creating positive emotions in people. In recent years, living in apartments has made people away from nature affecting their positive feelings about their living space. This study aimed to investigate to what extent and how direct relationship with nature affects dwellers’ place attachment in residential areas? The main research question is that what is the relationship between the direct contact with nature in residential areas and level of place attachment? The research method in this article is mixed. Considering the qualitative method, the basic concepts of the research are presented based on the analysis of the content in the environmental psychology and nature–human interactions; and then the criteria for creating a sense of place attachment in the residential areas are extracted. This can be used as a basis for developing a questionnaire. In the quantitative method, the effect of nature on place attachment is measured using a questionnaire. Based on the findings, it can be argued that green space can form stronger relationships between individuals and the environment. Finally, according to the results of this study and confirmed the significance of green space, designers need to consider more clearly the relevance of this important natural element in their future designs.


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