Determinants of Quality Assurance within the Building Construction Industry

Document Type : Original Paper


Department of Planning, Kisii University, Kenya


Although a growing body of literature maintains that the construction industry plays a significant role in the economic development world-over, the extent of its regulation may, however, undermine the objectives of sustainable urban development. This study, as a result, investigates the factors influencing quality assurance within the building construction industry in Kenya, a case study of Kisii town. The target population comprised of 7430 residential developments from seven neighbourhoods that were spatially segregated using a high-resolution satellite image. Proportional stratified random sampling was thereafter adopted to select 364 developers through questionnaires. Results indicated that the key factors that undermine the extent of quality assurance within the building construction industry in the study area included failure to obtain a development permit, non-engagement of registered professionals in building design, an inadequate inspection of buildings during construction phases and unauthorized occupation of buildings by developers. The study concludes that despite the existing legal framework, these challenges continue owing to inadequate development control by the County Government of Kisii. This study contributes to the literature on the built environment by demonstrating how factors limiting quality assurance within the construction industry may be statistically analyzed.


Main Subjects

  1. Aghimien, D.O., Adegbembo, T.F., Fadeke, T., Aghimien, E.I.,
    Imuetinyan, E., & Awodele., O.A. (2018). Challenges of sustainable
    construction: A Study of educational buildings in Nigeria. International
    Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 5 (1), 33-46.

  2. Christensen, J. G. (2010). Public interest regulation reconsidered:
    From capture to credible commitment. A paper presented at the 3rd
    Biennial Conference, University College, Dublin, 17th-19th June 2010.
    Retrieved January 1, 2019, from http://www.regulation. -papers/1J1.

  3. Competition Authority of Kenya (2017). The construction industry
    analysis of the state of competition. Retrieved February 6, 2019,
    from default/files/Cons truction%20
    Indus try%20in%20Kenya.pdf.

  4. Chigozie, A.C., & Jide, A.K. (2015). The contemporary roles of an
    architect and other building professionals panacea to the menace of
    quacks and quackery. Civil and Environmental Research, 7 (10), 68-

  5. Du Plessis, C. (2002). Agenda 21 for Sustainable Construction in
    Developing Countries. A Discussion Document. Report for the CIB
    and UNEP-IETC, CSIR Building Construction and Technology,
    Pretoria. Retrieved August 12, 2018, from

  6. Fainstein, S, S., & Campbell, S. (2012). The structure and debate of
    planning theory. In S. S. Fainstein & S. Campbell (Eds), Readings
    in Planning Theory (3rd edition) (Pp.1-18). West Sussex: Blackwell
    Publishing Limited.

  7. Gacheru, E.N., & Diang’ a S.O. (2015). Regulating building contractors
    in Kenya and challenges of enforcing the National Construction
    Authority mandate. International Journal of Soft Computing and
    Engineering, 5 (1), 127-133.

  8. Grill, M., Nielsen, K., Grytnes, R., Pousette, A., & Torner, R.
    (2019). The leadership practices of construction site managers and
    their influence on occupational safety: An observational study of
    transformational and passive/avoidant leadership. Construction
    Management and Economics, 37 (5), 278-293.

  9. Goforth, N. (2003). Using and interpreting Cronbach’s Alpha.
    Retrieved March 18, 2019, from

  10. Kothari, G.R. (2004). Research methodology, methods, and techniques
    (second revised edition). New Age International (P) Limited Publishers:
    New Delhi

  11. Krejcie, R.V. & Morgan, D.W. (1970). Determining sample size for
    research activities. Education and Psychological Measurement, 30,

  12. Liu, J., Zhao, X., & Li, Y. (2016). Exploring the factors inducing
    contractors’ unethical behavior: Case of China. Journal of Professional
    Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 14 (3). Retrieved,
    October 11, 2018, from

  13. Mohd-Rahim, N.S.M., Wang C. V., Nurshuhada, Z., Sumiani, Y., &
    Rafikullah, D. (2016). The challenge of labor shortage for sustainable
    construction. Journal of the Malaysian Institute of Planners, 77-88.

  14. Mugenda, A., & Mugenda, O. (2003). Research methods: Quantitative
    and qualitative approaches. Acts Press: Nairobi.

  15. Ng’ang’ a K.K., Ngigi, P., Siboe, I., Ongundo, D., & Wanyona, G.
    (2017). Health and safety conditions at construction sites in Nairobi
    County, Kenya. Retrieved January 11, from https://

  16. Ojwang, J. (2019, April 14). 6 narrowly escape as two-story Kisumu
    building collapses. Capital news.
    news/2019/03/6-narrowly-escape-as-two-story-Kisumu-building collapses/

  17. Olotch, C. (2017). Kenya’s new railway and the emergence of the
    government-to-government procurement method. Retrieved February
    6, 2019, from

  18. Omollo, W.O. (2018). Development control as a tool for plan
    implementation. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga
    University of Science and Technology.

  19. Otido, J., & Omwenga, J. Q. (2019). Factors affecting National
    Construction Authority on regulating building construction projects
    in Nairobi City County, Kenya. The Strategic Journal of Business &
    Change Management, 6 (2), 2354 – 2368.

  20. Rahman, I.A., Memon, A.H., & Ade, A.A. (2012). Time and cost
    performance in construction projects in Southern and Central Regions
    of Penisular Malaysia. International Journal of Advances in Applied
    Sciences (IJAAS) 1(1), 45-52.

  21. Ruya, D., Chitumu, D., & Jatau, C.A. (2017). Construction standard
    and regulation in Nigeria. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://
    ts07d/TS07D_fadason_danladi_et_ al_ 8746.pdf.

  22. Ruya, D., Chitumu, D., & Jatau, C.A. (2017). Construction standard
    and regulation in Nigeria. Retrieved December 14, 2018, from https://
    ts07d/TS07D_fadason_danladi_et_ al_ 8746.pdf.

  23. Saidu, I., & Shakantu, W. (2016). The contributions of construction
    material waste to project cost overruns in Abuja, Nigeria. Acta
    Structilia, 23(1), 99-113.


  24. Saidu, I., Shakantu, W. M., Adamu, A. D., & Anugwo, I.C. (2017).
    A bespoke approach for relating material waste to cost overrun in
    the construction industry Journal of Construction Business and
    Management, (1), 39-52.

  25. Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2003). Research methods for
    business students. Edinburgh: Prentice-Hall.

  26. Shirur, E., & Torgal, S. (2014). Indian Construction Industry:
    Challenges for the Construction Managers. Journal of Business and
    Management (IOSR-JBM), 16 (4), 65-69.

  27. The Republic of Kenya (2018). Construction industry policy. Retrieved
    April 7, 2019, from

  28. The Republic of Kenya (2010). Constitution. Nairobi: Government

  29. The Republic of Kenya (2009). Kenya Population and Housing
    Census Survey Vol 1. Nairobi: Government Printer.

  30. The Republic of Kenya (2008). Vision 2030: The Popular Version.
  31. The Republic of Kenya (1996). Physical Planning Act. Nairobi:
    Government Printer.

  32. The Republic of Kenya (1978). The Architects and Quantity Surveyors
    Act. Nairobi: Government Printer.

  33. The Republic of Kenya (1968). Building Code. Nairobi: Government

  34. Thuita, P. (2017). Deathtraps: Why buildings collapse so frequently
    in Kenya. Retrieved November 12, 2019, from https://www.

  35. Tasantab, J.C. (2016). Building Permit as a Tool for Development
    Control: Evidence from Sekondi-Takoradi. Journal of Environment
    and Earth Science, 6 (11), 2224-3216.

  36. Zakaria, Z., Ismail, S., Yusof, A.M. (2013). Toward Sustainability
    in the construction industry: The importance of final account closing
    satisfaction. Journal of Southeast Asian Research, 20 (2), 118-124.

  37. Zaki., S.B.A., Mohamed, S.F., & Yosof, Z.M. (2012). Construction
    skilled labor shortage –the challenges in the Malaysian construction
    sector. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 4 (5),