The Form of Residential Buildings on Local Winds: Air Pollution Reduction

Document Type : Original Paper


1 Ph.D.‌ Student‌ of‌ Architecture,‌Department‌ of‌ Art‌ and‌ Architecture,‌North‌ Branch‌ Islamic‌ Azad‌ University,‌ Tehran,‌Iran.

2 Associate‌ Professor,‌Faculty‌ of‌ Art‌ and‌ Architecture,‌Tarbiat‌ Modares‌ University,‌Tehran,‌Iran


 This article addresses the analysis of the mechanism of natural air flow around the residential buildings  and the effect of the form of residential buildings on air flow among four building forms in Tehran. The aim of this research is to study the effect of the form of residential buildings on the mechanism of natural air flow with the purpose of optimally utilizing clean air. The research method is to use computer modeling and model analysis in the related software and conclusions have been achieved using comparison of outputs of the models produced. Accordingly, four samples were first selected from software forms and modeled in one commercial micro-climate simulator software. They were tested by entering Tehran climatic data and results were extracted as simulation images. Since the analysis was conducted in one hour interval in the morning of the 23rd of December 2013 among four selected forms. The results helped us to choose the optimal form among these cases. Thus, a general rule was not given regarding the case that the selected form is the best in all aspects. Research achievements indicate that building forms have a significant effect on local winds and air pollution reduction. Therefore, the general form of buildings affects the degree and type of pollution dispersion due to carbon dioxide and the retention effect of suspended particles.


Brown, G. Z. ,& DeKay, M. (2010). The Sun, Wind and Light: Architectural Design Strategies. Translation: Saeed Aghaee, second edition, Parham Naghsh Publication, Tehran.
Bruse, M. (2007). ENVI-met Implementation of the Gas/particle Dispersion and Deposition Model PDDM. www.Envi-met. Com.
Camuffo, D. (1998). Microclimate for Cultural Heritage. Elsevier, New York.
Carmona, M., & Steve, T., (2009). Public Places, Urban Spaces-The Dimensions of Urban Design. translation: Fariba Gharaee, Mahshid Shokoohi, Zahra Ahari and Esmaeel Salehi, first edition, Ar university publication, Tehran.
Davis, L. (2005). The Councillor Guide to Urban Design. translation: Reza Rezaee, first edition, new cities construction Company, Tehran.
Gandmer, G.& Giu, A. (1994). Impact of Wind on Formation of Urban Spaces. translation:Firooz Jenab, first edition, Roshd publication, Tehran.
Hedman, R., & Jaszewski, A. (1984). Fundamentals of Urban Design. translation: Razieh Rezazadeh and Mostafa Abbaszadegan, third edition, publication of Iran university of science and technology, Tehran.
Mahdavinejad, M., Abedi, M. (2011). Community-Oriented Landscape Design for Sustainability in Architecture and Planning, Procedia Engineering, 21, pp. 337-344.
Mahdavinejad, M., Rezaei Ashtiani, M., Ebrahimi, S., Shamshirband, M. (2012). Proposing a Flexible Approach to Architectural Design as a Tool for Achievement Eco-Friendly Multi-Purpose Buildings, Advanced Materials Research, 622-623, pp.1856-1859.
Mahdavinejad, M., Ghasempourabadi, M., Ghaedi, H. (2012) The role of form compositions in energy consumption of high-rise buildings (case study: Iran, Tehran), Advanced Materials Researc. 488-489 , pp.175 – 181.
Mahdavinejad, M., Mashayekhi, M., Ghaedi, H. (2012).
Designing Communal Spaces in Residential Complexes. Elsevier: Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 51, pp.533 – 539..
Mahdavinejad, M., Javanroodi, K. (2013). Investigating Condensation Role in Defects and Moisture Problems in Historic Buildings. Case Study Varamin Friday Mosque in Iran. World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol.10, Iss: 4, pp.308-324.
Mahdavinejad, M., Javanroodi, K. (2014). Natural Ventilation Performance of Ancient Wind Catchers, an Experimental and Analytical Study – Case Studies: one-sided, two-sided and four-sided wind catchers. Int. J. Energy Technology and Policy, 
Vol.10, No. 1, pp.36–60.
Rahnamaee, M. (1990). A Series of Issues and Methods of Urbanism. third edition, study and research center of Iran architecture and urbanism, Gostar publication, Tehran.
Razjooyan, M. (1993). Architecture Aerodynamics and Residential Complexes. scientific research, architecture and urbanism Journal of Soffe.
Razjooyan, M. (2007). Comfort in the Shelter of Wind. first edition, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran.
Razjooyan, M. (2009). Comfort with the Architecture Compatible with the Climate. First edition, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran.