The Treatment of Japanese Garden based on Zen Philosophy in Mental Health

Document Type : Original Paper


1 M.A. Student, Department of Art and Architecture, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Pardis, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Pardis, Iran.


By designing conditions and relaxing spaces with the help of values and concepts of Japanese
architecture, based on Zen's philosophy that based on simplicity, purity, avoidance of complexity and relaxation, it
has tried to bring an experience of relaxation to the audience. This article seeks to investigate a principled relationship
between the principles of Japanese gardens in accordance with the teachings of Zen philosophy, and the effects of
its tranquility and cheerfulness. In fact, a set of principles for the design of Japanese gardens influenced by Zen's
philosophy can play an effective role in the mental relaxation of the audience from a psychological point of view. The
architecture of the Zen Gardens from the point of view: the style of the rocks, the elements of the garden, the types
of lines and shapes used in them, and... Have a positive psychological effect on the audience. Relaxation in these
gardens can be used in landscape design of public and private buildings in cities that are facing increasing numbers of
mental illnesses, so that perhaps the correct architecture could be effective in improving mental illness and promoting
community health.


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