Analysis of the Position of Architectural Spatial Elements in Children’s Mental Image

Document Type : Original Paper


1 Masters student, Architecture, Architectural group, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch, Department of Architecture, Shiraz, Iran


Environmental psychology is one of the subjects that has currently attracted the attention of many
people involved in education. Paying attention in school, work, and generally life environments in addition to other
elements, can play a significant role in attracting individuals and improving their lifestyle, education and work. Hence,
tending to spatial elements in educational environments, especially in primary school, can provide a suitable setting
for attracting students, increasing their level of interest in learning, creating mental and physical peace, and correct
education of members of the society. This study was performed to separate legible and illegible spaces in the minds of
primary school students. The drawings of the educational environment by the students showed legible concepts and
images with regards to the intended factors.
The results show that the position of spatial elements in mental imaging of boy and girl students with regards to
individual, social, and other aspects are different. Some, such as the activity playground are more important for boys,
and green space and a colorful setting is important for girls and attracting them to school. In other factors, such as
social factors, the two groups are similar. Hence, the use of adequate lines, vibrant and varying colors, decorating
the environment, and granting importance to the basic needs of both groups (considering their age and sex) seems


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