Evaluation of the Urban Settlement s Optimal System

Melika Mehriar; Kianoosh Zaker Haghighi

Volume 2, Issue 4 , October 2012, , Pages 43-50

  In developing countries, the domination of peripheral and dependent capitalism relations and the lack of appropriate structures and channels of attracting, this system have caused some kind of spatial-anatomic unbalances that has resulted in the appearance of single cities with national and ...  Read More

Definition of Architecture

Afra Gharibpour

Volume 2, Issue 4 , October 2012, , Pages 51-58

  This paper seeks to investigate a new definition for architecture by unifying the three Vitruvian principles of firmitas, utilities, and venustas via a phenomenological approach in the interpretation and analysis of their role in defining architecture. The paper is composed in two main sections. ...  Read More