The Assessment of the Community Capacity on the Urban Vulnerability Based on Community Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) (Case Study : Yousef-Abad, Tehran City)

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. in Urban Planning, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University,Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Disaster Management and current approaches in this field in one hand only has focused to physical
vulnerabilities and in the other hand has included consequential action to reduce vulnerability and improve physical
preparation as well as resistance institutional insignificant during the disaster. Therefore, these approaches usually have
ignored the capabilities and capacities of residents to reduce vulnerabilities and consequently losses and damage. While
recent approaches have entered, the field of disaster management emphasized that at first vulnerability is beyond the
physical vulnerabilities and second vulnerabilities have an inverse relationship with the resident’s capacity in the face of
disaster. So, community-based disaster risk management need to recognize indicators of vulnerability and community
capacity and its relationship is essential. Accordingly, in the first step, the indicators of community capacity and community
vulnerability are provided and in the second step based on these indicators, community capacity and vulnerability have
been assessed. The assessment of community characters is based on GIS capabilities, spatial analysis tools and SPSS
and correlation regression is used for analyzing the relationship of the variables. The results and findings of this research
indicate that the vulnerability of urban areas is not only influenced by physical factors, but also social and organizational
factors like community organizing and community educating have affected strongly the vulnerability.

Keywords


Adger, W. N. (2006). Vulnerability. Global environmental change, 16(3), 268-281.

Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I., & Wisner, B. (2014). At risk: natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters: Routledge.

Bollin, C., Hidajat, R., & Birkmann, J. (2006). Community-based risk index: Pilot implementation in Indonesia. Measuring vulnerability to natural hazards: Towards disaster resilient societies, 271-289.

Center, A. D. P. (2008). Community-Based Disaster Risk Management.

Cutter, S. L., Ash, K. D., & Emrich, C. T. (2014). The geographies of community disaster resilience. Global environmental change, 29, 65-77.

Cutter, S. L., Boruff, B. J., & Shirley, W. L. (2003). Social vulnerability to environmental hazards. Social science quarterly, 84(2), 242-261.

Delica-Willison, Z. (2011). Community-Based Disaster Risk Management: Gaining Group in Hazard-Prone Communities in Asia. Philippine Sociological Review, 51.

Downing, A. (1997). Accident costs in Indonesia: A review. Paper presented at the International Conference on Road Safety, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India.

Gaillard, J.-C. (2010). Vulnerability, capacity and resilience: perspectives for climate and development policy. Journal of International Development, 22(2), 218-232.

Kasperson, R. E., & Kasperson, J. X. (2001). Climate change, vulnerability, and social justice: Stockholm Environment Institute Stockholm.

Lei, Y., Yue, Y., Zhou, H., & Yin, W. (2014). Rethinking the relationships of vulnerability, resilience, and adaptation from a disaster risk perspective. Natural hazards, 70(1), 609-627.

Luna, E. M. (2001). Disaster mitigation and preparedness: the case of NGOs in the Philippines. Disasters, 25(3), 216-226.

Luna, E. M. (2009). Community development as an approach to reducing risks among flashflood-affected families in Albay, Philippines. Retrieved from

Pandey, B., & Okazaki, K. (2005). Community-based disaster management: empowering communities to cope with disaster risks. Regional Development Dialogue, 26(2), 52.

Turner, B. L., Kasperson, R. E., Matson, P. A., McCarthy, J. J., Corell, R. W., Christensen, L., . . . Martello, M. L. (2003). A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 100(14), 8074-8079.

Twigg, J. (2009). Characteristics of a disaster-resilient community: a guidance note (version 2).

UNISDR. (2009). Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction United Nation International Startegy for Disaster Reduction. Geneva, Switzerland: UNISDR.

Yodmani, S. (2001). Disaster risk management and vulnerability reduction: Protecting the poor: The Center.

Zhou, H., Wan, J., & Jia, H. (2010). Resilience to natural hazards: a geographic perspective. Natural hazards, 53(1), 21-41