The Relationship between the Enclosed Space and the Sense of Territory in Residential Neighborhoods (Case Study: Comparison between Haft-Hoz and Shahrake-Gharb)

Document Type: Original Paper


1 M.A., Department of Architecture, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran.


Organization of living environment is possible through a clear definition of private and public arenas and determination
of a spatial hierarchy. Such defined arenas increase the sense of belonging to the environment which personalizes
residential environments. Enclosure is among the quantities that play a significant role in defining the spaces. In fact,
enclosure is the factor that defines a space as a ground for occurrence of other events. Enclosure is an individual
subjective ground to define the space and the primary factor in conversion of space into place. One of the basic
functions of a house is to determine a territory. This paper considers the concept of territory as an effective factor on the
quality of the relationship between the human and his residential environment and investigates the effect of enclosure
on this territory. Two residential areas including a part of Haft-Hoz neighborhood and Shahrak-e Gharb (West Town)
were selected as the sample of the test. The effects of enclosure factor on the concept of territory were analyzed in
common residential complexes. A qualitative research method was applied and questionnaire was used as the scientific
method. According to the belief that the relationship between human and the environment depends on many different
factors, this paper investigates and analyzes the concept of territory and spatial enclosure as one of the effective factors
on the quality of the relationship between human and residential environment in the mentioned neighborhoods.


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