Isfahan’s Organic and Planned Form of Urban Greenways in Safavid Period

Document Type: Original Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Art & Architecture Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran,

2 Associate Professor, Art & Architecture Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.


This paper reviews the experience of Persian designers and planners for creating the most livable
and greenery capital city in the hole region of Middle East throughout the 17th Century. New concepts of urban green
development emerged in that time. Some of these ideas where extremely creative and vanguard from there era and
still some of them are the main theoretical basics of urban green planning in the modern world. This paper focuses on
Isfahan’s greenway planning ideas and discusses how the city transformed to a sustainable city in Safavid period. The
discussion is based on the combination of the organic and planned forms of greenway design, which was unique by that
time and made the garden city of Isfahan. The Maddies1, which are the branches of water derived from the river and
flowed inside the urban context, are studied as the bases of organic greenway and the Charbagh2 and Naghshe-Jahan
Square are investigated as the planned green developments.


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