Using Urban Smart Growth Approaches in Planning Terms of Tehran Metropolis Green Belt

Document Type: Original Paper


1 Ph.D. in Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associated Professor, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associated Professor in Economic Development and Regional Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Professor in Urban Management, Faculty of Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran


Fast and unplanned city growth, has effects such as isolation of village societies, threatening urban
cores and centers and small and weak societies, destruction of open spaces and open and natural regions. Smart growth
offers a sustainable way for urban developing with appropriate use of available sources, increase of urban services,
developing neighborhoods with different uses, making public transportation available and integrated designing in
human scale. Green belts idea,at first was based on controlling the growth between cities, preventing from merging
cities and separating specifications and details of city and village from each other. Although according to the fact that,
there was not an agreement regarding the possible outcomes of green belts and controlling cities growth process among
city experts, some with conservative ideas, believed that green belts are stopping barriers and negative factors in natural
growth process of cities and some others, thought that it is element of separating urban and non-urban habitats.
In first approved comprehensive plan of Tehran (2006), suburban ranges were recognized as protected range for future
city developing. This definition has no more places according to the problems of Tehran. In this article based on
the natural and environmental potentials of Tehran protected areas (Green belt) and many threats for its exposure to
residential construction, there are offered strategies and protecting rules with smart growth approach and green belt