The developments Trend of Islamic Inscriptions in the Building Portals of Dezfoul City

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associat Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

In the architecture of Iranian traditional houses, the ornamentations available in the inscriptions of houses entrance portal express the identity of architects and personality of houses owners and are rooted in their religious and national beliefs and faiths. The main hypothesis of this research is changing the physique and application of religious contents in compliance with the thoughts and beliefs of people in Dezfoul historical city in the epigraphs of houses entrance portals. The objective of this study is reviewing the development trend of texts, concepts and physique of inscriptions as well as analyzing the factors effective on the quality and diversity of application of inscriptions. The present research is an applied study and descriptive-analytical method has been applied, and the data was collected by library and survey studies. The population of this research includes historical houses, houses damages in war (Iran & Iraq) and renovated and new tissue and new-built houses of Dezfoul, from Qajar era so far. Random sampling method has been applied in this study and dispersal area includes the city. Data analysis method in this study is qualitative and quantitative. The results of this study indicate that today the inscriptions available in the entrance portal of houses in Dezfoul comparing to inscriptions in Qajar1 and Pahlavi2 era is very simple and has lower aesthetic value. One of causes for such superficial and contextual gap between inscriptions seems to be the war and renovations during and after destruction.

Keywords


Abdullah,Y., & Rashid,M.B. (2013). Evolution of Islamic geometric patterns. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 2 (2), 243-251.

Chaeedeh, A. (2010). Study of changes reason in reconstructed dwelling after the imposed war in Dezfoul, Unpublished master’s thesis, Shahid beheshti University, Tehran.

Dehkhoda, A. K. (1959). Dehkhoda Encyclopedia of Persian. Tehran: Tehran University Publication.

Edwards, C., & Edwards, D. (1999). The Evolution of the Shouldered Arch in Medieval Islamic Architecture. Architectural History, 42, 68-95.

Emam, S. M. (1994). Introduction to historical proverbs of Dezfoul. Dezfoul: Boghe Sheikh Esmaeil Ghasri Publications.

Hillenbrand, R. (2003). Studying Islamic Architecture: Challenges and Perspectives. Architectural History, 46, 1-18.

Kiyani, M.Y. (1988). Iran Architecture: Islamic Period. Tehran: Jahad daneshgahi publication.

Moeen, M. (1972). Moeen Encyclopedia of Persian. Tehran: Amir kabir publication.

Naghizadeh, M., & Khansari, S. (2013). Effects of Varamin Jami Mosque’s Ornamentations on the Spatial Qualities. International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, 3(4), 27-34.

Naima, G. (1997). Dezfoul the brick city. Tehran: State Cultural Heritage Organziation.

Othman, R., & Zainal-Abidin, Z. J. (2011). The Importance of Islamic Art in Mosque Interior. Procedia Engineering, 20, 105-109.

Ramzy, N. S. (2013). Visual language in Mamluk architecture: A semiotic analysis of the Funerary Complex of Sultan Qaitbay in Cairo. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 2 (3), 338-353.

Saberi Kakhaki, S. (2012). The Principle of Amazements in Iranian Islamic Architecture and the Role of Decoration. International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, 2(3), 39-44.

Saremi, A., & Radmard, T. (1997). Sustainable values in Iranian architecture. Tehran: State Cultural Heritage Organziation.

 Soltanzadeh, H. (1993). Entrance spaces in traditional architecture of Iran. Tehran: Tehran Municipality.