Marginalization and Urban Crisis in City of Ilam

Document Type: Original Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395-3697 Tehran, I.R of IRAN.

2 Associate professor, Department of Geography, Tabriz University, IRAN.

3 Ph.D. Candidate of Geography, Department of Geography, Higher Education Center of Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395-3697 Tehran, I.R of IRAN.


Banberz, Banbor, and Sabziabad neighborhoods are three residential districts on the periphery
of Ilam city, and are facing a lot of problems namely social, economic, and physical, particularly in housing sector
including low quality, poor housing, limited-quantity housing. In order to assess the sustainability of housing, 75
indicators and to rank districts, SPSS software (exploratory factor analysis) is used. On the basis of economic, social,
educational, health, and environmental services and culture three districts (Banbarz, Banboor, Sabziabad) were
selected as marginal neighborhood. Most houses, have been built away from without permission and building permits
and engineering control in small scale measures. According to statistical models; most of household economic statuses
are below the poverty line. According to the findings of the questionnaire, fabric and physical feature, type of building,
materials applied, quality of building and density of residential units of most units out of any control and without
engineering standards in small-scale piece of land, were built without a permit and building permit. Given the statistical
models, the economic status of households indicate that more than 70 percent of them live below the poverty line.


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