Spatial Planning in Border Areas with an Emphasison Passive DefenceConsiderations (Case Study: from Konarak to Guater Gulf, Iran)

Document Type: Original Paper


1 Master of Urban planning, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Spatial planning in border areas in Iran because of long borders and settling more than half of
the provinces in the country's international borders with neighbouring countries play particular role in the planning
system. This article aims to clarify the position of border areas spatial planning in the country planning system,
identifying its elements, elucidating how these elements relate to other elements, as well as explaining the importance
and urgency of addressing border areas planning. Southeast region of Iran, particularly Konarak to Guater Gulf, which
due to underdevelopment and drugs issues urgently needs to spatial planning, review as the case study. According to
the importance of this district in soil and water boundaries of Iran, passive defence approach is examined in spatial
planning. This paper tries to explain spatial planning in mentioned border area in the framework of passive defence
strategy by using descriptive – analytical research method. On this basis, according to the features and potentials of
the study area and with emphasis on the growth poles strategy, plans with increasing the development capacity and
promoting the area's security(passive defence) In four dimension economic, cultural, management and physical.


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