Community Participation: The Lost Link of the Rural Informal Settlements Relocation Projects, Kerman Province, Iran (Case Studies: Band-Chah-Reza Village, Chah-Dad-Khoda Village, Ghassem-Abad Village and Shahid-Karami-Shadab Village)

Document Type: Original Paper

Author

Assistant professor, Department of Architectural Management, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Although in most of the rural development plans, relocation of informal settlements is often
considered as an efficient solution to increase safety of rural communities against natural and man-made disasters,
such as, earthquakes, fire hazards, floods, etc. an evaluation of recent experiences in the relocation projects show that
the relocated community is often unsatisfied with the new residential areas. In most cases, the new residential areas are
advantageous in compare to the informal settlements in terms of utility infrastructures and architecture design but the
public remain reluctant to migrate to the new place. This paper, tries to evaluate the role of Community participation
in the process of informal settlements relocation projects in Kerman province, an Iranian south-eastern state, by
measuring people's evaluation of their own participation in the process of decision-making during five key relocation
phases, namely, choice of new location, methods of relocation, architectural design of the new areas, construction
procedures and supervision on the whole project. Questionnaire survey was employed to gather these data and was
followed by statistical analysis (by SPSS software) in order to approve meaningful relationships. The results showed
that lack of community participation had been responsible for a number of uninhabited settlement projects and some
unfinished construction projects during the whole relocation process.

Keywords


Adeyemi, A., Martin, M., & Kazim, R. (2014). Elimination
of Waste and Inefficient Facilities in Existing Buildings for
Sustainability in Developing Nations. International Journal
of Architecture and Urban Development. 4(1), 5-16.
Mohammadabadi, M., & Ghoreshi, S. (2011). Green
Architecture in clinical centres with an approach to Iranian
sustainable vernacular architecture (Kashan City). Procedia
Engineering, 21, 580-590.
Babaei, S., Fazeli, N., & Ghasemzadeh, B. (2012).
Sustainable Strategies in Iranian Houses, Life Science.
Bahadori, M. N., Mazidi, M., & Dehghani, A. R. (2008).
Experimental investigation of new designs of wind towers.
Renewable Energy, 33(10), 2273-2281.
Cañas, I., & Mazarrón, F. R. (2009). The effect of
traditional wind vents called zarceras on the hygrothermal
behaviour of underground wine cellars in Spain. Building and
Environment, 44(9), 1818-1826.
Eiraji, J., & Namdar, S. A. (2011). Sustainable systems
in Iranian traditional architecture. Procedia Engineering, 21,
553-559.
Groat, L., & Wang, D. (2002). Architectural Research
Methods. John Wily & sons, Canada, 275-300.
Hosseinnia, S. M., Saffari, H., & Abdous, M. A. (2013).
Effects of different internal designs of traditional wind towers
on their thermal behavior. Energy and Buildings, 62, 51-58.
Jebaraj , S. & Iniyan, S. (2006). A review of energy
models. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 10(4),
281-311.
Kamar, K. A. M., Ismail, E., Abd Hamid, Z., Egbu, C.,
Arif, M., Mohd M.Z.N, Ghani, K., & Rahim. A. H. (2010).
Sustainable and Green Construction. Construction Industry
Development Board (CIDB) Malaysia.
Kalantar, V. (2009). Numerical simulation of cooling
performance of wind tower (Baud-Geer) in hot and arid
region. Renewable Energy, 34(1), 246-254.
Kazemi, M., Nazari, L., & Ayatollahi, S.M.H., (2012).
All Season Use of Laary House, (Summer Section of the
Double Courtyard. 2nd International Conference – Workshop
on Sustainable Architecture and Urban Design (icsaud2012),
Malaysia.
Kazemi, M., Nazeri, l., & Ayatollahi, S.M.H. (2012). All
season use of Rasoulian house, (winter section of the
Double Courtyard). World Congress on Housing. Istanbul.
Turkey, 818-827
Mahdavinejad, M., Fakhari, M., & Alipoor, F. (2013).
The Study on Optimum Tilt Angle in Solar Chimney as a
Mechanical Eco Concept. Frontiers, 2(3), 71-80.
Maleki, B. A. (2011). Traditional sustainable solutions
in Iranian desert architecture to solve the energy problem.
International Journal on Technical and Physical Problems of
Engineering (IJTPE), (6), 84-91.
Mazarrón, F. R., & Cañas, I. (2009). Seasonal analysis of
the thermal behaviour of traditional underground wine cellars
in Spain. Renewable Energy, 34(11), 2484-2492.
Moradi, H., & Eskandari, H. (2012). An experimental
and numerical investigation of Shovadan heating and cooling
operation. Renewable Energy, 48, 364-368.
Roodgar, M., Mahmoudi, M. M., Ebrahimi, P., & Molaei,
D. (2011). Sustainability, architectural topology and green
building evaluations of Kashan-Iran as a hot-arid region.
Procedia Engineering, 21, 811-819.
50
International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development
Vol.4, No.2, Summer 2014
Wood, B., & Muncaster, M. (2012). Adapting From
glorious past to uncertain future. Structural Survey, 30(3),
219–231.
Yao, J. & Zhu, N. (2011).Enhanced supervision
strategiesfor effective reduction of building energy
consumption–Acase study of Ningbo. Energy and Buildings,
43(9), 2197-2202
Zabihi, H., Habib, F., & Mirsaeedie, L. (2013). Towards
Green Building: Sustainability Approach in Building
Industrialization. International Journal of Architecture and
Urban Development. 3(3), 49-56.