Planning and Design of Urban Sustainable Riparian Park (Case Study: Kan River- Valley)

Document Type: Original Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.Sc., Environmental Design, Department of Environmental Planning, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


One of the most important natural factors and critical facilities in Tehran is presence of Alborz
Slopes River-Valleys which have been considered as natural tourist places for citizens since a long time ago, especially
in hot summers and play effective role in creating a balance between manmade and natural spaces. Importance of
these river-valleys as ecological pathways is enhanced with the increase in population and development of river-valley
cities can become a vital element of urban life cycle. However unfortunately, their inappropriate use has only reduced
the quality of life in their area. Design of riparian parks, establishing dynamic edges and creating lively urban space
may give a new spirit into the lifeless body of these river-valleys. This paper has been written aiming at planning and
design of sustainable resorts in the area of Kan River-Valley (The largest urban watercourse of Tehran) and attempted
to answer this question that has Kan River ecological context and environmental characteristics to become a green
urban corridor? Land use planning process has been used and strategic planning has been performed using analytical
- descriptive method of artificial, natural and visual characteristics of the subject area, relying on the table Strengths,
Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threat (SWOT) and using present capabilities and removing barriers. The research
results show that using sustainable ecologic landscape design and compatible with the environment, is an appropriate
strategy for revitalizing the urban river-valleys.


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