Assessment of Bicycle Use as a New Practical Strategy to Achieve Sustainable Development (Case study:Bahonar Street, Tehran,Iran)

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D Candidate, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Master of Urban Design, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

In recent decades, urban planning has tended to humanist urbanism. In this regard foot travels and bicycle use are the two strategies that urban planners and transportation engineers are using them as adequate alternatives for making cities more people friendly. Using bicycle is known as a strategy that has a great role in decreasing traffic among developing countries in recent decades. These countries have taken great steps by reducing traffic congestion and environmental pollutions to reach the sustainable development using comprehensive legislations in this context. This paper aims to assess and analyse the successful countries’ experiences specifically Holland and Denmark as countries that have eliminated extensive amount of traffic difficulties by using bicycle transportation system. Also, investigating this form of transportation regarding the improvement of bicycle use culture in the case study of Niavaran district will be conducted. This article has been implemented in the basis of library–based phase of the research, case study method and observation for its field study phase. Tosum up, the findings of this study comprise the feasibility of bicycle use in the mentioned case study; in which despite of district¢s high slope, efficient proposals have been used to achieve sustainable development.

Keywords