Public Urban Spaces: Reflecting the Collective Rituals (Iranian Tkayay and Hosseiniyeh)

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D., Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Dramatic Literature, Faculty of Art, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Islamic and Iranian cities, both, East and West, know the physical monuments of Islamic culture1 based on one of the features of the Islamic cities. Meanwhile, other religious centers, including Tkaya, Hosseiniyeh and hospice is not the case to considerate, while these elements cause to shape group behavior, strengthen social ties and strengthening of cultural integration, have always played a major role. These reasons reflect the role of the religious and their religious mission to, Imam Hussein: have been lasting and eternal ever. On the other hand, religious buildings, including mosques, Hosseiniyeh, the convent, the grave and so for various reasons such as “governing their spirituality,” “Historical Background”,“architectural style” and “cultural works - social among people of the past had been of special aspects “sanctity”. Materials and Methods, “descriptors” and “analytic” in addition, with reference to theories and models of sustainability and sustainable urban spaces using “argument” and “analog” to review these theories and extend them to Hosseiniyeh and Tkaya discussed and some results in this direction are mentioned. Research findings show the survival of Tkaya and Hosseiniyeh beliefs, beliefs, customs and religion of citizens, especially their integration with the components is related to religious values and reflecting the traditional city is based on the formation of beliefs is that survival, Protection and maintenance Hosseiniyeh paid actor and in which viewers of this show and passionate Hosseini mourning single entity to have formed; If due to the impact of beliefs and opinions of people throughout history has been a Hosseiniyeh as a phenomenon of religious values and that its inclusion has been persistent throughout history and reflect the beliefs of religious people and the world towards Imam Ali, Imam Hussein: future date will remain the eternal.

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