An Investigation of Global-Regional Interactional Approach at the Prominent Works of Contemporary Iranian Architects

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate of Architecture, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Architecture, University of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Dramatic Literature, Faculty of Art, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Regionalism is an analytical and critical perspective which focuses on preserving special features of place and attempts to fill the vacuum in architecture. Globalization is a complex multi-stage process that causes increasing complexity of time and place, greater awareness across the global and acceleration of cross cultural interactions. Therefore, the present paper attempts to analyze global-regional interactional approach through investigating contemporary Iranian architecture in relationship with the aforementioned phenomena and also tries to provide practical advice on establishing a constructive interaction. The research methodology is based on content analysis and case study.
The results obtained from investigating striking cases of 4 eras of contemporary Iranian architecture and presented as a table of global-regional interaction components (physical, semantic and ecological) show that an interactional approach is becoming increasingly popular and global-regional coexistence is being formed in contemporary Iranian architecture, which associates with spirit of time and its regional components. A dynamic presence and playing a componential role by contemporary Iranian architects in this interaction have some prerequisites: an understanding of contemporary pluralism, an understanding of the other and establishing interaction, emphasis on the role of thought, creation and innovation, objective research, a good understanding of identity and place, past recall and identifying components of Iranian architecture.

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