Investigating the Effects of Environmental Factors on Office Buildings’ Indoor Environment Quality in Iran’s Cold Climate (Case study: Kermanshah)

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Departmant of Art and Architecture,University of Ilam, Iran.

Abstract

The inappropriate indoor environmental quality of a building causes different problems such as
headache and breathing difficulties which are called the syndrome of building sickness. These diseases reduce the efficiency of people and deteriorate the quality of their life. Studies carried out in hundreds of big office buildings across the world show that the indoor environment qualities of these buildings are about the average and a lot of employees are dissatisfied with their work place. Besides, the studies show that many of employees suffer from diseases associated with buildings. These diseases greatly affect the efficiency and working hours of employees and have grave economic consequences for the countries. If a space, including an office space, enjoys a qualitative interior, the employees`health and as a result their efficiency will improve. Therefore, attending to the indoor environment quality is a must in designing modern office buildings. The present field study was conducted on 10 office building in Kermanshah in winter 1390—a city which is located in a cold climate—and investigated the effect of environmental factors on the office indoor environment quality. The analysis of data by Statistical Package for Social Science Software1 revealed
that the variables of suitable view and landscape, and ventilation have had the greatest effect and the sun light variable has had the smallest effect on the indoor environment quality.

Keywords


Apte, M. G., Fisk, W. J., & Daisey, J. M. (2000). Indoor
carbon dioxide concentrations and SBS in office workers.
Proceedings of Healthy Buildings.
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-
Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (2010 a). ASHRAE Green
Guide:the design, construction, and operation of sustainable
building.
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-
Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (2010 b). ASHRAE STANDARD,
ThermalEnviroment Condition for Human Occupancy.
Attmann, O. (2009). Green architecture: advanced
technologies and materials. McGraw-Hill Professional.
Freijer, J., & Bloemen, H.Th. (2000). Modeling
Relationships between Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality. Air &
Waste Management Association, 292-300.
Heidarinejad, Gh. (2009).Thermal comfort. Tehran:
Building and Housing Research Center Press.
Kasmaei, M. (2009). Climate and Architecture. Isfahan:
KhakPress.
Mendell, M., Lei-Gomez, Q., Mirer, A., Seppänen, O., &
Brunner, G. (2008). Risk factors in heating, ventilating, and
air-conditioning systems for occupant symptoms in US office
buildings: the US EPA BASE study. Indoor air, 18(4), 301-
316.
Olesen, B. W. (2005). Indoor environment-health-comfort
and productivity. Procedings of Clima.
Šeduikyte,L.BliūdžiusR. (2005). Pollutants emission from
building materials andtheir influence on indoor air quality
and peopleperformance in offices.Civil Engineering and
Management, 137-144.
Wade III, W. A., Cote, W. A., & Yocom, J. E. (1975).
A Study of Indoor Air Quality. The Air Pollution Control
Association, 933-939.
Wargocki, P., Wyon, D. P, Sundell, J. Clausen, G. &Fanger,
P. (2000).The effects of outdoor air supply rate in an office on
perceived air quality, sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms
and productivity. Indoor Air, 10(4), 222-236.
Zabihi, H., Habib, F., & Mirsaeedie, L. (2013). Towards
Green Building: Sustainability Approach in Building
Industrialization. International Journal of Architecture and
Urban Development, 3(3),49-56.