Prospect of Electronic Road Pricing in Hong kong

Document Type: Original Paper


MSc. The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong & Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB), Bangladesh.


To cope with the urban congestion problem resulted from rapid urbanization some cities are successfully using Electronic Road Pricing policy as a demand management measure. In 1982, Hong Kong Government
took initiative to experiment electronic road pricing in Hong Kong. Though, the project outcome reveals that Electronic Road Pricing could bring tremendous economic, social and environmental benefit for the city, it was not possible to run Electronic Road Pricing successfully due to huge public protest. Present paper aims to reveal the reasons of Electronic Road Pricing not being implemented in Hong Kong. This paper also scrutinizes the impact of Electronic Road Pricing in Hong Kong and will also suggest some policy guidelines for the government for the successful execution of Electronic Road Pricing in Hong Kong. This paper ends with a concluding remarks of Electronic Road Pricing can be an effective solution for long term success but the government need to take some public inclusion strategies to gain public support in favor of Electronic Road Pricing.


Catling, I., & Harbord, B. J. (1985). Electronic road pricing
in Hong Kong. II: The technology. Traffic engineering &
control, 26(12), 608-615.
Census and Statistical Department (CSD). (2012). Hong
Kong 2011 Population Census-Summary Results. retrieved
population/B11200552011XXXXB0100.pdf, on 03 Nov, 2012.
Department of the Environment, Transport and the
Regions. (1998). Traffic Speeds in Inner London: 1998. DETR
Statistics Bulletin. 98:22. Transport Statistics Division, UK,
retrieved from: _ .uk/stellent/groups/dft_
transstats /documents / downloadable/ dft_ transstats_021875.
pdf, retrieved on 04 Nov, 2012.
Hau, T. D. (1990). Electronic road pricing: developments
in Hong Kong 1983-1989. Journal of Transport Economics
and Policy. 203-214.
Hau, T. D. (1997). Transport for urban development
in Hong Kong. Transport and Communications for Urban
Development, National University of Singapore and The
United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, Nairobi,
Kenya, 267-289.
Hau, T. D. (2001). Demand-side measures and road pricing.
Anthony, GO. Y., Peter, R.H. and Simon, KWN (eds.), Modern
Transport in Hong Kong for the 21st Century, Hong Kong:
Centre of Urban Planning and Environmental Management,
University of Hong Kong.
Hon, M. L. (2005). Evaluation of traffic congestion
relieving options with using cost-benefit analysis: case study of
Central-Wan Chai. unpublished MSc. Thesis, The University
of Hong Kong.
Kam, C.Y. (1993). Traffic Management: Strategies.
Processes, Techniques and Assessment. In: Liang, H.W.
and Anthony, GO.Y. (eds.), Keeping a City Moving: Urban
Transport Management in Hong Kong, Tokyo: Asian
Productivity Organization.
Lee, E.S.W. (1993). Vehicle and Driver Licensing. In:
Liang, H.W. and Anthony, GO.Y. (eds.), Keeping a City
Moving. Urban Transport Management in Hong Kong, Tokyo:
Asian Productivity Organization.
Lewis, N. C. (1994). Road Pricing Theory and Practice.
Thomas Telford, London, 112-117
Livingstone, K. (2001). “The Mayor’s Transport Strategy,
Draft for Public Consultation”, The Congestion Charging
Scheme for London. London: Greater London Authority,
retrieved from: strategies/
transport/pdf/annex4.pdf, on 10 Nov, 2012.
MVA Consultancy. (1995). The London Congestion
Charging Research Programme: Final Report. London:
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD). (1994). Road Transport Research: Congestion
Control and Demand Management. Paris: Organization for
Economic Co-operationand Development Scientific Expert
Transport Department of Hong Kong Government. (2001).
retrived from:
erp_e, retrived on 10 Nov 2012.
Transport Department (TD). (2012). Feasibility Study on
Electronic Road Pricing. retrieved from:
hk/filemanager/en/publication/erp_e.pdf, retrieved on 23 April,