Analytical Study on Necessity of Decentralization of Higher Education (Iran –Tehran 2013)

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Associate professor, Department of Geography, Tahran University, IRAN.

2 2Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395-3697 Tehran, I.R of Iran, Member of Sustainable Development of Geographycal Environment Commission of Shahid Beheshti University, IRAN.

3 3Ph.D. Candidate of Geography, Department of Geography, Higher Education Center of Payame Noor University, PO BOX 19395-3697 Tehran, I.R of IRAN.

Abstract

Large cities and metropolitan areas in developing countries are growing rapidly. These areas grew by attracting all facilities, services and capital of the country. Tehran has been the major city and center for decision and policy making in various administrative, political, economic and socialaspects. This political focus has brought economic, social, educational focus that attracted a vast majority of students of Iran. Based on measures by TOPSIS technic, Tehran province has ranked 19th in terms of development Indicators; therefore, its status is not favorable. There are total of 91 universities or educational institute in
Tehran province 75 of which are located in the city of Tehran. There are 527 thousand students currently studying in these institutions which itself indicates the focus on capital city, especially in the field of education. National programs should take decentralization policies from growth poles. Decentralization of higher education as an integrated development policy for Tehran province and the country can bring many fruitful results. Based on recent policy on decentralization, cities of FiroozKooh and Damavand are
proposed for attracting students of Azad universities and Varamin is proposed for attracting Payam-e- Noor students of the province and Hashtgerd is proposed for accepting part of activities of governmental universities for undergraduate studies as appropriate locations for identical spatial distribution.

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