Japanese Garden as a Physical Symbol of Japanese Culture

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Associate professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant professor, Department of Urbanism, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associat professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

A’ view of nature within the framework of garden and in relation with human needs and drives that satisfy the
need to be rooted has caused the representation of nature in garden to be regarded as cultural heritage. Garden and garden designing are suitable cases for us to study cultural characteristics and traits. Thus, human beings have searched their eternal interest in an ideal and unattainable world in garden building and garden totally reflects each culture. Art and knowledge are both represented in garden in which engineering creativity reaches its summit. Japanese garden is one of the oldest patterns in gardening in the world.
It demonstrates Japanese ideology, ontology, cultural views and rites. Relativity and multi religions represent its cultural difference. Changeability and cultural ease along with preserving basic core and nature of Japanese culture are the basis of Japanese culture. Japanese garden is one of the most obvious emblems and representatives of Japanese culture. The aim of this paper is to make a content analysis that will primarily study the cultural characteristics and will then focus and conclude the results of Japanese garden designing as a cultural physical symbol.

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