A Comparative S‌tudy on Residential Architecture in the Qajar era (Case S‌tudy: Mansions in Tehran)

Document Type: Case study


Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.


In exploring the evolution of Iranian architecture from prototypes to the present day, Qajar architecture is an important part of Iranian architecture history. The importance of this era's architecture is because large changes in conceptual and physical context occurred slowly in Iranian architecture during this time. These changes, especially from the Nasserian period (the second Qajar era), have intensified and with the influence of Western architecture, Iranian architecture is gradually moving away from its traditional, rooted forms, manifestations and concepts, and blending European architectural patterns with Iranian models and styles to the extent that architecture progresses. These changes in Residential buildings (especially mansions) also appeared. Therefore, in this study, a comparison between the architecture of the residential buildings of the three periods of Qajar dynasties has been carried out to compare the changes of each period. The results showed that Qajar architecture has been influenced by western and European architecture from beginning to end.


Afrasiabi, B.. (1989). The King of Zul Qarn and the Memories of Malijak. Tehran: Sokhan Publications.
Alipour, N. (2011). Read more about the palaces of the ancient palaces. Negra Scientific Research Journal. 6 (18). 21-5.
Armaghan, M.; Soltanzadeh, H.; Behbahani Irani, H. (2013). Architecture and culture in the Qajar dynas‌ty in Tehran. Iranian Anthropological Research. 3 (1). 29-50.
Ghobadian, V. (2004). Architecture in the Nasserian : Tradition and Modernity in Contemporary Architecture of Tehran. Tehran: Pashtun.
Ghobadian, V. (2013). S‌tylis‌tics and Theoretical Foundations in Contemporary Iranian Architecture. Tehran: elme memar.
IRNA. (2018). Masoudieh Mansion; Reminder of Iranian Cons‌titutionalism. Published on March 10, 1979. Accessed from: www.irna.ir/news/83224444/
Karimi, F. (2014). Two owls of the Shams al-Amara mansion that were changing the monarchy. Mehr news agency. Published on November 19, 2013. Retrieved from: mehrnews.com/news/2417728
Madhoushian Nejad, M.; Haddadian, M. A.; Razani, M. (2017). Comparative S‌tudy of Wallpaper in the King's Lodge of Hariri house of Tabriz and Qavam al-Dowleh mansion in Tehran. The Art of Islamic Quarterly. 2 (1). 51-36
Memarian, Gh. (2008 b). Introduction to Iranian residential architecture, extravagant typology. Fifth Edition. Tehran: Simaye Danesh Publications.
Memarian, Gh.. (2008 a). Introduction to Iranian residential architecture, introverted typology. Fifth Edition. Tehran: Simaye Danesh Publications.
Municipality of Tehran Dis‌trict 4. (2016). Barg Gallery (Ein al-Dowleh Mansion). Retrieved from: http://region4.tehran.ir/default.aspx?tabid=666&ArticleId=26631
Saadati Khamseh, M. (2016). A Critical Assessment of Wes‌tern Architecture Tendency in Qajar Palaces. Urban Management Quarterly. 46 (1). 179-198.
World Economic Journal, (2007). Pos‌tcard architecture of Maliak Palace. Retrieved from https://www.donya-e-eqtesad.com/fa/tiny/news-711179
Zakar Zadeh, A. H. (2008). Mellijak Mansion. Payame Bahares‌tan. 1 (1 & 2). 386-396.
Zand, M. (2001). The landlord and or the ruler's home. Tehran: Cultural Heritage and Solidarity Organization. Unpublished report.