Interactive Form-Generation in High-Performance Architecture Theory

Document Type: Original Paper


1 Department of Architecture, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.

2 Department of Architecture,Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.


Architecture as a designerly way of thinking and knowing is to interact with its environment. The manuscript is to speculate “interactive form-generation” based on high-performance architecture theory, and discuss the precursors and the potentials. The research aims to explore and determine the roots, aspects of interactive architecture as a part of performance-based design in contemporary architecture.
The research question opens a designerly perspective as an umbrella term that can include many streams of architectural paradigms. Emancipatory new-interpretivism is the research philosophy which is employed alongside deductive reasoning, logical argumentation research paradigm, descriptive research method and cross-sectional study. Based on methodology of the manuscript, the research is to addresses related phenomena, their relationship and interaction.
The results of the research show that interactive architecture is an umbrella to address a wide-range of architectural emerging streams such as: 1- The evolutionary architectural trends include kinetics, responsive, smart, responsive and intelligent environment. 2- The emerging phenomena in the field such as leading sci-tech approach toward architectural design process including cybernetics, artificial intelligence (AI), virtual reality (VR), conditional generative adversarial network (cGAN), and agent based modeling.

The conclusion of the research indicates that the interactive architecture branched off from high-performance architecture theory. The conclusion emphasizes on: 1- Designerly flexibility: better space efficiency, flexibility, intelligence, and smartness; 2- Energy efficient form-generation: using less energy and offering more thermal-visual comfort; 3- Mathematical-algorithmic thinking: the integration of internet of things (IoT), robotics, and kinetics. 4- Futurism: a platform for outlining future architecture and architecture of the future.


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