Zone of Transition in Seljuq Dome Chambers of Iran

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Department of landscape architecture, faculty of architecture and design, Ataturk University, Turkey.

2 Associated Professor, Department of landscape architecture, Ataturk University, Turkey.

3 Ph.D. in Archaeology; Research Center for Cultural Heritage Organization, Iran.

Abstract

Architecturally, the Seljuqs' dominion makes a significant shift from the Pre-Islamic Sassanid squinches into a sophisticated transition mechanism employed to change the walls of a square chamber to an octagonal base to set a dome which this initiated a new construction methodology to hybridize the previous experiences of Sassanid domes with new architectural tendencies since the previous understanding of the transition zone was a makeshift in quality, not consistent enough for future architectural adventures in creating larger structures. Although a cursory investigation of transition zones of Seljuq dome chambers in some respects might reveals a fairly homogeneous framework, it has never meant the stagnation of architectural creativity in different parts of Seljuk territory. On the other hand, the typology and local schools of Seljuq transitions zones of dome chambers have not been thoroughly considered by geographical centralism in Iran. For a better understanding of the standardization of various techniques considered in Seljuq architecture between 11th and 12th centuries in order to spanning the cubic structure to a circular plan, this project is aimed to clarify three various schools of architectural articulation concerning transition zone in the Seljuq dome chambers.

Keywords


Akbari, A. (2011). The effect of Sassanian art and architecture on
the Seljuk age architecture. Quarterly of Jurisprudence and Civilization
His tory, 7 (27), 79-104.

Bloom. J. (1988). The Introduction of the Muqarnas into Egypt.
Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture, 5, 21-28.

Bosworth, C. E. (2007). His toric cities of the Islamic world. Bos ton:
Leiden.


Carrillo, A. (2016). The Sassanian Tradition in Abbasid Art: squinch
fragmentation as the structural origin of the muqarnas. Mirabilia, 22
(1), 202-226.


Creswell, K. A. C. (1952). The Muslim architecture of Egypt.
Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Dehkordi, S. (2017). Iranian Seljuk architecture with an emphasis
on decorative brickwork of the Qazvin Kharagan Towers. Journal of
His tory Culture and Art Research, 5, 34-48.

Dietrich, H., & O’Kane, J. (1990). CHAHARTAG. Retrieved from
encyclopedia Iranica: http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/chahartg.


Ettinghausen. R., & Grabar. O. (2000). The Art and Architecture of
Islam 650-1250. London: Penguin Books].

Galdieri, E. (1984). Esfahan: Masgid-i Guma'a. Rome: IsMeo.

Godard, A. (1965). The Art of Iran. New York: Praeger.

Grabar. O. (1986). The formation of Islamic Art. New Haven: Yale
University Press.

Hillenbrand, R. (1976). Seljuk Dome Chambers in Northwest Iran.
British Institute of Persian Studies. 14, 93-102.

Huerta. S. (2012). Technical Challenges in the Construction of
Gothic Vault: The Gothic Theory Structural Design. Proceeding of the
International Conferences on Construction Techniques in the Age of
Historicism. From Theories of Gothic Structures to Building Sites in
the 19th Century August 12-13, (pp.162-195). Munich: University of
Maximilian Press.

Kazimi Shishavan, M., & Maleki, R. (2018). Comparative sturdy
of symbol: Iranian contemporary architecture and Seljuk. International
Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, 8 (4), 33-50.

Mollai, H. (2009). Geology and geochemistry of skarn deposits in
the northern part of Ahar batholith, East Azerbaijan, NW Iran. Iranian
journal of Earth Science, 1 (21), 15-34.

Moradi, A., & Hoseinpour Mizab, M. (2019). Was there ever an arch in the so-called Ark-e-Alishah. Nexus Network Journal, 4, 1-20.

Moradi, A., & Omrani, B. (2019). The review of the Ilkhanid
architecture in Northwest Iran. Tehran: RICHT (Research center for
cultural heritage organization).

Morsalpour, M. (2018). Reflection of Iranian Governance Pattern
in Khaje Nizam Al-Mulk's Syasat-Nama. International journal of
humanities, 24 (4), 43-57.

Pope, A. U. (1982). Persian Architecture. Iran: Soroush Publication.

Reber, V. F. (1882). History of Ancient Art. (Clarke, J. T., Tran.)
New York: Harper and Brothers.

Safaipour, H. (2013). Understanding the identity of shouldered
arch by analyzing the initial specimens. Journal of Iranian architecture studies, 5, 5-19.

Shahbazi, H., Monteshari, M., Hosseini Niya, S. M., Mohamadian,
Z. (2019). The development of bricks ornamentation from the
early Islamic centuries to the end of Kharazmshahian period in the
architecture of mosques in Iran. International Journal of Architecture
and Urban Development, 9 (2), 61-72.

Woolley, L. (1961). The art of the Middle East including Persia,
Mesopotamia and Pales tine. New York: Crown Publishers.

Yildiz, S. K. (2011). A Review of Byzantine Studies and
Architectural Historiography in Turkey. Metu, 2 (28), 63-80.

Zaporozhets, V.M. (2012). The Seljuks. (K.A., Nazarevskaia,
Trans.). Germany: Hannover.