Explaining the effective features of open and semi-open spaces in availability and increase of social interactions in residential complexes

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Asis tant Professor, Architecture and Urban S tudies Research Center, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz,Iran

2 Ph.D. Architectural S tudent, Architecture and Urban S tudies Research Center, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz,Iran

Abstract

By increasing house demand for living, the urban development planning has turned to towers, which provides a platform for the growth of the city, regardless of the traditional Iranian's architecture. Among the vital elements in traditional architecture, there are a variety of open and semi-open spaces such as the central courtyard, pool, veranda, balcony, etc that have been provided the needs for social interactions, privacy and other values among the inhabitants, but it is almost destroyed by the contemporary architecture. Therfore the necessity is to turn social interactions into spaces of residential complexes. Since in the variety of the quality of spaces, the architect has the most effective role, in a branch of interactive architecture, the most important thing is the interaction with the external environment that countless theorists have focused on this. The purpose is to explain the effective components of open and semi-open spaces in the presence and increase of social interactions in residential complexes. The research method was qualitative and based on the experts' descriptions, the characteristics of open and semi-open spaces were extracted and then their impact and interaction on the quality of space were investigated and adapted to the final model of interactive residential complex. Factors such as quality, security, the possibility of the presence of children, sense of belonging to the place and social discipline in different types of open and semi-open spaces, can have an effect on the adaptation of the spatial structure of residential complexes on the more interactions of residents.

Keywords

Main Subjects


  1. Alalhesabi, M., Rezaee, M. (2008). An open-air urban landscape, looking for the lost role of open space in residential architecture. Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 122, 2-11.
  2. Alitajer, S., Sajjadzadeh, H., Saadativaghar, P., Shahbazi, M. (2016). The role of physical factors in the socialization of informal settlements. Pajouhesh-Va-Barnamehrizi-Shahri, 24(7), 61-82.
  3. Asqari, A., Willis, K., Taghvaei, A.A., Rafiean, M. (2004). Estimating rural households willingness to pay for health insurance. The European journal of health economics, 5, 209-215.
  4. Bacon, E. (2012). Designing cities. (F. Taheri, Trans.). (3rd ed.). Tehran: Shahidi.
  5. Bales, R.F. (1950). Interaction process analysis: a method for the study of small groups. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  6. Behzadfar, M., Tahmasebi, A. (2013). Identifying and Assessing Components Affecting Social Interactions. Bagh-e-Nazar, 25, 17-28.
  7. DalalPour, M. (1996). Some considerations of planning and design in the physical environment of residential complexes. Journal of faculty of letters and humanities (Tabriz), 160, 127-142.
  8. Daneshpour, A., Charkhchian, M. (2007). Public space and factors affecting collective life. Bagh-e-Nazar, 7, 19-28.
  9. Einifar, A., Ghazizadeh, S.N. (2010). Typology of residential complexes in Tehran with open space criteria. Armanshahr Journal, 32, 35-45.
  10. Festinger, L., Schachter, S., Back, K. (1950). Social pressures in informal groups: A study of human factors in housing. New York: Harper and Brothers.
  11. Gehl, J. (2013). Human City. (A. & L. Ghaffari Trans.). Tehran: Elme-Memar.
  12. Jason, L.A., Stevens, E., Ram, D. (2015). Development of a three factor psychological sense of community scale. Journal of community psychology, 43(8), 973-985.
  13. Kashanijou, K. (2010). Recognizing theoretical approaches to urban public spaces. Hoviat-Shahr, 6, 95-106.
  14. Kumar, R., Rose, C. (2010). Engaging learning groups using social interaction strategies. Human language technologies. The 2010 annual conference of the North American chapter of the ACL. June, (pp. 677–680).
  15. Mansouri, R., Torabi, Z. (2015). Explaining the Concept of Identity and Sense of Place in Residential Environment and Lifestyle. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 4(5), 27-43.
  16. Marcus, C.C., Sarkissian, W. (1986). Housing as if People Mattered, Site Design Guidelines for Medium-Density Family Housing. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  17. McCamant, K., Durrett, C. (1989). Cohousing, a contemporary approach to housing ourselves. Oakland: Ten speed press.
  18. Nozari, H.A. (2004). The interdisciplinary nature of science, the need for cooperation and interaction between history and social sciences. Tarikh-Moaser- Iran, 30(8), 171-230.
  19. Pakzad, J. (2005). Design guide for urban spaces in Iran. Tehran: Tarh-O-Nashre-Payam-Sima.
  20. Ghaffari, M., Iranpanah, N., Shahbazi, Q. (2013). Investigating the role of current tourists in promoting future tourists to travel to Shiraz Tourism. Journal of tourism planning and development, 5(2), 145-157.
  21. Samadifard, Z., Movahed, K., Jahanbakhsh, H. (2013). Investigating the role of shared open space in today's residential complexes as a factor of social sustainability in native architecture in increasing urban security. National conference on architecture urban development and sustainable development with a focus on indigenous architecture to sustainable city. Mashhad: Khavaran University. From https://www.civilica.com/Paper-APSD01-APSD01_084.html
  22. Tabibian, M., Charbgou, N., Abdollahimehr, A. (2011). The reflection of the principle of hierarchy in Iranian Islamic cities. Armanshahr Journal, 7(4), 63-76.
  23. Toloei, M., Khaghani, S. (2015). Sense of belonging in public open spaces of residential complexes. National conference on identity architecture and urban development. From https://www.civilica.com/Paper-IDCONF01-IDCONF01_094.html
  24. Valiani, K., Gharaati, M., Shahbazi, B. (2017). Redefining in between space in residential apartments. Journal of Iraninan architecture & urbanism, 14, 145-156.
  25. Yanos, P.T., Rosenfield, S., Horwitz, A.V. (2001). Negative and supportive social interactions and quality of life among persons diagnosed with severe mental illness. Community ment health journal, 37(5), 405-419.
  26. Yazdanfar, S.A., Hosseini, S.B., Zaroudi, M. (2011). The quality of public space and increased social interactions. Case study: Kosar Residential Complex and Phase 2 of Ekbatan Residential Complex. Journal of Urban Management, 32(11), 7-22.
  27. Zarghami, E. (2010). Principles of Social Stability of Residential Complexes in Iranian-Islamic Cities. Motaleate-Shahre-Irani-Eslami, 2(1), 103-115.