Assessment of the effects of Megaprojects Implementation on the Quality of the Surrounding Environment (case study: Velayat Park in Tehran)

Document Type: Original Paper

Author

Msc in Urban Plannig,Faculty of Art and Architecture,Islamic Azad university,Science and Research,Tehran,Iran.

Abstract

Development of science and technology and the growing trend of globalization has pushed the urban communities toward competition on absorbing foreign capitals and construction of macro-scale projects. This competition has affected not only developed countries but also developing countries such as Iran- since it is expected that each urban development will finally result in an increase in the quality of housing environment and suburbs, constructing macro-scale projects will be justified if they lead to increasing the quality of the housing environment and the suburbs. Accordingly, the present study focuses on identifying the effects of Velayat Park (as a mega- project on the quality of the surrounding environment: The indexes of environmental quality were considered using library studies and world literature review. Identification and method of assessing indexes and the satisfaction of the residents. The analysis of the results was carried out using statistical methods of Gama test analysis through SPSS software. 

Keywords


Flyvbjerg, B. (2004). interview by Renia Ehrenfeucht. "Mega projects and Risk Critical Planning", summer.


Golkar, K. (2000). "Components of urban environment quality".Soffe,no 32, 2000, Pp 38-65.


Hajinejad,A.; Rafieyan, M. ; and Zamani, H. (2011). Assessment and evaluation of factors affecting citizens' satisfaction with the quality of life environment". Human Geography Research.no 77 ,pp 129-143.


Jia, G., Yang, F., Wang, G., Hong, B., & You, R. (2011). A study of mega project from a perspective of social conflict theory. International Journal of project management29(7), 817-827.


Van Kamp, I., Leidelmeijer, K., Marsman, G., & De Hollander, A. (2003). Urban environmental quality and human well-being: Towards a conceptual framework and demarcation of concepts; a literature study. Landscape and urban planning, 65(1-2), 5-18.


Khodaee,Z. & Purkheezi, A." The quality of urban environment and its role in promoting citizens' satisfaction". Social Sciences Research Journal.no 38, spring 2009,pp 129-152.


Linch, K. (2008). The theory of city. Translation by Hossein Bahreini. Tehran University Press.


Me`mar, S. (2011). Sociological analysis of the social and physical needs of neighborhoods in terms of sustainable neighborhood development". Social Issues of Iran,no 1,Summer, pp 107-133.


Ponzini, D. (2011). Large scale development projects and star architecture in absence of democratic politics: The case of Abu Dhabi, UAE.  Cities28. 25-295.


Rafieyan, M,  Salehi, A. ; Salehi, F. & Taghvaee, A.A. (2010)." Measurement of the quality of the habitat environment in Tehran's Ekbatan Town". Space planning, No 4, winter,pp 63-89.


Statistical Center of Iran. (2013). Office of Publication and Information ,Spring .