Greenway Pedestrian Design in order to Rejoin the divided Urban Zones through the Brownfield Regeneration (Case Study: Tehran District 17- from Shahid Bradaran-e-Hosseini St. to Yaft Abad St.)

Authors

1 Department of Environmental Design Engineering, Faculty of Environment and Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Art, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Faculty of Art and Architecture , Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The existence of brownfields in cities, and their common disadvantages, such as pollution and their detriment to natural habitats, have damaged local communities and their environment over time. Whereas the renovation and regeneration of these brownfields and transforming them into centers of activity could assist the economy and society to flourish. At the same time improving the quality of the environment could allow us to attain healthier, more attractive and safer communities. A neighborhood is a social network with a social and regional identity and a place where social interactions occurs. Focusing on enriching the neighborhood, nourishing social life and meeting the social and intellectual needs of the individual. The renovation of the defunct strip of land where the Tehran-Tabriz railway existed and its transformation into a linear park does not only have a positive effect on the local economy and environment but also connects the northern and southern sections of Yaftabad, by increasing safety and social interactions and enriches the local community. This research aimed to answer the following questions: 1- What are the guidelines of improving urban development and the quality of life of the people in regarding restoration and renovation of useless lands? 2- Is the construction of a ‘Green’ Pathways on the borders of brownfields could integrate neighborhoods? In order to address these questions, a descriptive-analytical method was used. In addition to library research and analysis of previously tested procedures in this field, by the help of a questionnaires, which was distributed through local population to specify their requested standards and quality requirements. The results showed that the people greatly desired this brownfield regeneration to a new improved environment and community. In the planning segment, with attention to standards set by the people, suggestions were presented.

Keywords


Abbaszadeh, Sh., & Tamri, S. (2012). Analysis of Factors Affecting the Improvement of pedestrian Walkway Spatial Quality and Pedestrian- Oriental Spaces in order to Increase the Social Interactions level of People (case study: Tarbiat & Valiasr aix, Tabriz metropolitan). Journal of Urban Studies. No.4. 1-9.

Abedini, A., Mosayebzadeh A., & Shokrani, M. (2015). Urban Physical Development of Urmia City by Quantative Models. Journal of Human Geography Research Quarterly. Volume 47. Issue.3, 411-422.

Bahraini, S.H., Izadi, M.S., & Mofidi, M. (2014). The Approaches and Policies of Urban Renewal from “Urban Reconstruction” to “Sustainable Urban Regeneration”. Journal of Urban Studies. Volume 3. Issue 9, 17-29.

Daneshpour, S.A., & Charkhchian, M. (2007). Public Space and effective features on Public life. Journal of Baghnazar. Volume 4. Issue.7, 19-28.

Ghorbani, R., & Jamekasra, M. (2010).Pedestranization as a new approach for the renewal of urban centers case study of Tarbiat pedestrian way of Tabriz. Journal of Urban Regional studies and research. Year 2. No. 6, 55-72.

Habibi, S.M., & Maghsoudi, M. (2014). Urban Renovation International Definitions, Theories, Experiences, Characters & Declaration, Urban Methods and Operations. Tehran: Tehran University Publications.

Hanachi, S., & Ghaznavi, M. (2009). Greenways Planning: From Local Planning to General Planning of Multiple National Ways (In Persian). Journal of Hoviatshahr.Volume 3. Issue 4, 59-70.

Hataminejad, H., Waysian, M., Mohammadi Varzaneh, N., & Alizadeh, A. (2014). Application of GIS and Topsis Techniques in Analyzing and Prioritizing of Urban Green Space Case Study: Dehgolan City. Journal of Management System. Volume 7. Issue 24, 65-88.

MotieeLangroodi, S. H., & Teimouri, R. (2010). An Analysis on the Role of Urban Parks in Urban Life Quality Improvement; Using “Seeking – Escaping” Method, The Case: Urban Parks of Tabriz. Journal of Human Geography Research Quarterly. Volume 42. Issue 72, 46-72.

Nahibi, S., & Hasandokht, M. (2014). Survey of Urban Landscape Influences on Improve The Quality of Urban Life. Journal of Sustainability, Development & Environment. Volume 1. Issue 1, 51-70.

Nofel, S.A., & Kolbadi, P. (2014). Brownfield Regeneration as an Approach to Local Sustainable Development (In Persian). Journal of Iranian architecture & Urbanism. Volume 4. No5, 133-146.

Pourafkari, N., Kalantari, S., & Naghdi, A. (2002). Effects of Urbanization (In Persian). Journal of Population. Volume 10. Issue. 39-40, 1-34.

Qasr. (2013), About Qasr Museum-Garden, retrieved January 07, 2017 from http://www.qasr.ir/tabid/161/Default.aspx.

Rafeian, M., Barati, N., & Aram, M. (2010-2011). Capacity Development Assessment of Brownfield Areas in CBD of Qazvin (On the Basis of Infill Development Approach). Journal of Architecture and Urban Planning. Volume 3. Issue 5, 45-61.

 Shokouhi Dolatabadi, M., & Masoud, M. (2011). Footpaths as an Approach to Enhance Social Capital (In Persian). Journal of Iranian architecture & Urbanism. Volume 4. No1, 55-65.

Tariveh, Sara. (2012). Regeneration of Urban Green spaces through Development of Neighborhood Relationship (case study: mehr Park in Dezashib Neighborhood). Master’s Dissertation, Tarbiat Modares University. Tehran. Iran.

Region 17.tehran.ir. (2006) Tehran Tourist Guide, Tehran Municipality, District 17. Retrieved July, 25 2015 from http://region17.tehran.ir/default.aspx?tabid=540&ArticleId=47674