Neighborhood Environment Quality Improvement with Community Participation Approach by Participation, Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) (Case study: Cyrus Neighborhood, Tehran, Iran)

Authors

1 M.A.‌‌in‌ Urban‌ Planning,‌University‌ of‌ Tehran,‌Tehran,‌Iran.

2 M.A.‌in‌‌ Urban‌ Planning,‌Faculty‌ of‌ Civil,‌Architecture‌ and‌ Art,‌Department‌ of‌ Urban‌ Planning,‌‌Science‌ and‌ Research‌ Branch,‌Islamic‌ Azad‌ University,‌Tehran,‌Iran.

Abstract

One of the mos t significant concerns of urban planners, at metropolitan cities, especially in old and worn out textures, is the reduction of the quality of life and the environment, so they are always seeking for a way to improve these qualities. Low level of available services and amenities, besides physical and social disorders, have caused numerous problems and have totally become as important factors of unsus tainability in such a metropolitan area. In this article, we aimed to identify those effective factors which contribute to environmental quality of neighborhoods, such as Cyrus in the city of Tehran, which have experienced urban decayed. A research method that was employed in this paper is descriptive – analytical. Data were obtained from ques tionnaires dis tributed to a randomly selected sample of 384 respondents also the interview technique was applied to gather data from residents. After that ques tionnaire was developed using the identified external and internal factors, and determined s trategies adminis tered to 30 experts in the field of urban planning. Further, experts participated in the formal group discussion in order to weight SWOT factors and prioritize the identified s trategies, respectively. The results of this s tudy sugges t that according to the perspective of residents, experts reflected in the s trategic analysis plan by using the SWOT, Internal and External (Matrix IE) and QSPM matrix; one of the key factors and the mos t preferred s trategy to improve environmental quality in Cyrus is considering social factors such as maintaining local and original residents, increasing safety/security, keeping identity of neighborhoods and creating open spaces and decent leisure places.

Keywords


Abdul Ghani, S. (2008). Neighborhood factors in private low-cost housing in Malaysia. Habitat International, 32(4), 485–497.

Adams, R. (1992). Is happiness a home in the suburbs? The influence of urban versus suburban neighborhoods on psychological health, Journal of Community Psychology, 20(4), 353-372.

Aiello, A., Ardone, R., & Scopelliti, M. (2010). Neighborhood planning improvement: Physical attributes, cognitive and affective evaluation and activities in two neighborhoods in Rome. Evaluation and Program Planning, 33(3), 264-275.

Akbarpour Saraskanroud,  M., Pourahmad, A. & Abedini, A. (2011). Proper Strategies for the Improvement and Renovation of the Worn Out Textures of Cyrus District in Tehran Using SWOT Technique. Geography and Environmental Planning, 40(4), 65-88.

Amerigo, M., & Aragones, J. (1990). Residential satisfaction in council housing. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 10(4), 313-325.

Austin, M. J., & Hopkins, K. (Eds.). (2004). Supervision as collaboration in the human services: Building a learning culture. Sage.

Bahrainy, S. H. & Tabibian, M. (1998). A model for evaluation of urban environmental quality. Journal of Environmental studies, 24 (21&22), 41-56.

Basolo, V., & Strong, D. 2002. Understanding the neighborhood: From residents' perceptions and needs to action. Housing Policy Debate, 13, 83-105.

Bolan, M. (1997). The mobility experience and neighborhood attachment. Demography, 34(2), 225-237.

Chapman, D., & Lombard, D. (2006). Determinants of neighborhood satisfaction in fee based gated and non-gated communities. Urban Affairs Review, 41(6), 769-799.

Choguill, C. L. (2007). Developing sustainable neighborhoods. Habitat International, 32, 41-48.

Connerly, Ch. E., & Marans, R.W. (1988). Neighborhood quality: A description and analysis of indicators. In Handbook of housing and the built environment in the United States, edited by E. Huttman and W. van Vliet—. New York: Greenwood.

Cutter, S., (1982). Residential satisfaction and the suburban homeowners. Urban Geography, 3, 315–27.

Dassopoulos, A., Batson Christie, D., Futrell, R., & Brents, B. G. (2012). Neighborhood Connections, Physical Disorder and Neighborhood Satisfaction in Las Vegas. Urban Affairs Review, 48,571–600.

Djerbani, R., & Al-Abed, A. (2000). Satisfaction level with neighborhood in lowincome public housing in Yemen. Property Management, 18(4), 230–242.

Fang, Y. (2006). Residential Satisfaction, Moving Intention and Moving Behaviors: A Study of Redeveloped Neighborhoods in Inner-City Beijing. Housing Studies, 21(5), 671–694.

Fraser, J., & Lepofsky, J. (2004). The uses of knowledge in neighborhood revitalization. Community Development Journal, 39(1), 4–12.

Fried, M. (1984). The structure and significance of community satisfaction. Population and Environment: Behavioral and Social Issues, 7(2), 61-86.

Ge, J. & Hokao, K. (2006). Research on residential lifestyles in Japanese cities from the viewpoints of residential preferences, residential choice and residential satisfaction. Landscape and Urban Planning, 78(3), 165–178.

Gruber, J. & Shelton, G. 1987. Assessment of neighborhood satisfaction by residents of three housing types. Social Indicators Research, 19 (3), 303–315.

Hur, M., & Morrow-Jones, H. (2008). Factors that influence residents' satisfaction with neighborhoods. Environment and Behavior, 40(5), 619-635.

Hur, M., & Morrow-Jones, H. (2008). Factors that influence residents' satisfaction with neighborhoods. Environment and Behavior, 40(5), 619-635.

Jeffres, LW. & Dobos, J. (1995). Separating people’s satisfaction with life and public perceptions of the quality of life in the environment. Social Indicators Research, 34, 181–211.

Lashkari, E. & Khalaj, M. (2010). Urban Environment Quality Improvement Planning, Case Study: Moft Abad Neighbourhood, Tehran, Iran. International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, 4(6).

Leby, J. L., & Hashim, A. H. (2010). Liveability dimensions and attributes: Their relative importance in the eyes of neighborhood residents. Journal of construction in developing countries, 15(1), 67-91.

Lee, B. A., Campbell, K. E., & Miller, O. (1991). Racial Differences in Urban Neighboring. Sociological Forum. 6(3):525–550.

Lovejoy, K., Handy, S. & Mokhtarian, P. (2010). Neighborhood satisfaction in suburban versus traditional environments: An evaluation of contributing characteristics in eight California neighborhoods. Landscape and Urban Planning.

Meegan, R., & Mitchell, A. (2001). It’s not community round here, it’s neighborhood: neighborhood change and cohesion in urban regeneration policies. Urban Studies, 38(12), 2167–2194.

Møller, V. & Jackson, A. (1997).Perceptions of service delivery and happiness. Development Southern Africa, 14: 169–84.

Møller, V., (2005). Resilient or resigned? Criminal victimization and quality of life in South Africa. Social Indicators Research, 72, 263–317.

Møller,V, 2001. Monitoring quality of life in cities: the Durban case. Development Southern Africa, 18, 217–38.

NG, SL. (2005). Subjective residential environment and its implications for quality of life among university students in Hong Kong. Social Indicators Research, 71, 467–89.

Oh, J.H. (2003). Social bonds and the migration intentions of elderly and urban residents: the mediating effect of residential satisfaction. Population Research and Policy Review. 22, 127–146.

Oktay, D., Marans, R. W. (2011). Neighborhood Satisfaction among Diverse Groups of Inhabitants: Findings from Famagusta Area Study. ENHR Conference 2011, 5-8 July, Toulouse.

Parkes A., Kearns, A., & Atkinson, R. (2002). The determinants of neighborhood dissatisfaction. CNR Paper 1.

Parkes, A., Kearns, A. & Atkinson, R. (2002). What makes people dissatisfied with their neighborhoods? Urban Studies, 39(13), 2413 – 2438.

Permentier, M., Van Ham, M., & Bolt, G. (2009). Neighborhood reputation and the intention to leave the neighborhood. Environment and Planning, 41, 2162 – 2180.

Profect, M., & Power, G. (1992). Planning for urban quality. London Sustainable Development Chinese Journal of Population, Resources and Environment, 4(1).

Rogerson, C.M., (1996). Urban poverty and the informal economy in South Africa’s economic heartland. Environment and Urbanization, 8, 167–81.

Romice, O. (2000). New developments in and reflections on, the use of visual literacy and environmental evaluation for the participation of community groups in design. GeoJournal, 51, 311–319.

Ross C., & Mirowsky J. (1999). Disorder and Decay: The Concept and Measurement of Perceived Neighborhood Disorder. Urban Affairs Review. 34, 412–432.

Saeb K, Rezai Sh, & Jafari Hajati R. (2012). An investigation into eco-tourism potential of the Alamut region of Iran using SWOT Analysis Model. Ecologia Balkanica, 4(1):9-20.

Salleh, A.G. (2008). neighborhood factors in private low-cost housing in Malaysia. Habitat International, 32 (4), 485-497.

Salleh, A.G., & Badarulzaman, N. (2011). Quality of life of residents in urban neighborhoods of Penang, Malaysia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Architecture and Urban Development, Vol. IV, Amman, Jordan, pp.131-138.

Seifollahi, M., & Faryadi, Sh. (2011). Evaluating the Quality of Tehran’s Urban Environment Based on Sustainability Indicators. Int. J. Environ. Res., 5(2),545-554.

Shiehbeiki, Sh., Abbaspour, M., Monavari, S. M., Arjmandi, R., & Lahijanian, A. (2014). Public Participation Role in Sustainable Urban Management by Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM). Int. J. Environ. Res., 8(4),1309-1314.

Sirgy, M., & Cornwell, T. (2002). How Neighborhood Features Affect Quality of Life. Social Indicators Research, 59 (1), 79-114.

Skogan, WG. (1990). Disorder and decline: Crime and the spiral of decay in American neighborhoods. New York: Free Press.

Social Surveys. (2000). Johannesburg Metropolitan Council attitudinal survey. Survey for the GJMC, Johannesburg.

Tabibian, M. & Faryadi, S. (2002). Evaluating Tehran’s environment quality. Journal of Environmental studies, 27 (28), 1-12.

Taeeb Rashid, S., Ngah, Ib. & Enyinnaya Eluwa, S.. (2013). Neighborhood Choice Factors And Residents Satisfaction In Old And New Neighbourhoods Of Slemani City, Kurdistan-Iraq. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 3(2).

Tavana, M. (2014). Measuring the Relationship between Social Disorders and Environmental Factors in the Sprawl and Central Texture of Tehran (Case Study: Cyrus and Shadabad). M.A. Dissertation in Urban Planning, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Tehran Municipality, (2007). Office of Deputy for Coordination and Planning, Introduction to City Tehran. Center for Studies and Planning of Tehran.

Veenhoven, R. (1996). Developments in satisfaction research. Social Indicators Research, 37, 1–46.

Wang, K.J. & Hong, W.C. (2011). Competitive advantage analysis and strategy formulation of airport city development-the case of Taiwan. Transport Policy, 18, 276-288.

Wee, HL. (2000). Quality of life assessment: is quality of place an appropriate proxy? In Proceedings of the Second Conference on Quality of Life in Cities, 21st Century QOL (ICQOLC), Singapore, Volume 1.

Westaway, M. S. (2009). Aspects of environmental quality of life that affect neighborhood satisfaction in disadvantaged and advantaged Johannesburg communities. Development Southern Africa, 26, 447-458.

Westaway, M.S. (2006). A longitudinal investigation of satisfaction with personal and environmental quality of life in an informal South African housing settlement, Doornkop, Soweto. Habitat International, 30, 175–189.

Westaway, MS & Gumede, T. (2001). Satisfaction with personal and environmental quality of life: a black South African informal settlement perspective. Curationis, 24, 28–34.

Woldoff, R. A. (2002). Effects of Local Stressors on Neighborhood Attachment. Social Forces. 81(1), 87–116.