An Investigation and Analysis of Context and Requirements of New Regionalism with Respect to Increasing Competitiveness and Creativity in Iran (Case Study: Qeshm Island)

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Associate Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Master of regional planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Mismatch of territories under authority of local governments with urban-regional activity domains, on one hand, has caused numerous problems and, on the other hand, has hindered taking maximum advantage of regional capacities and partial and competitive advantages. Hence, application of a new regionalism approach, which focuses on shared planning and management by all stakeholder groups within the pertinent domain, may help solve such problems. In this regard, this paper aims to investigate legal grounds of new regionalism, generally, in Iran and, particularly, in Qeshm Island, and its requirements for increasing competitiveness and creativity in Qeshm Island. Hence, underlying concepts of new regionalism and their relation with a creative city are investigated at first step. Next, legal grounds of new regionalism within national laws and organizational goals and missions of Qeshm Free Trade Zone Organization (FTZO) are investigated. Finally, a comparative study of new regionalism related issues and goals of Qeshm FTZO is provided. Results indicate that such an approach has been referred to both in national codes and goals and missions of Qeshm Free Trade Zone Organization. Moreover, new regionalism can lead to increased quality of life by considering concepts of smart growth, social justice, and environmental justice which can result in attracting creative classes of citizens and building up a creative city. Furthermore, this approach can increase competitiveness in Qeshm Island through making use of its partial and competitive advantages and facilitating laws and regulations with regard to economic activities and foreign investment.

Keywords


Expediency council (2015). Retrieved June, 2015, from http://www.maslahat.ir/

Ghahremanpour, R. (2009). A Comparison of Approaches of Fourth and Fifth Development Plan and 20-year Perspective Document with New Regionalism, Defense Strategy quarterly, 7(42).

Harding, A. (2007). Taking City Regions Seriously? Response to Debate on ‘CityRegions: New Geographies of Governance, Democracy and Social Reproduction’. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 31(2), 443-458.

Jonas, A. E. (2012). City-regionalism Questions of distribution and politics. Progress in Human Geography, 36(6), 822-829.

Jonas, A. E., & Ward, K. (2007). Introduction to a Debate on CityRegions: New Geographies of Governance, Democracy and Social Reproduction. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 31(1), 169-178.

Lalehpoor, M., Sarvar, H., & Sarvar, R. (2011). Spatial Management and Planning of Metropolitan Areas in the Globalization Era with a Focus on Tehran Metropolitan Area. Environmental Spatial Planning, 11.

Lackowska, M., & Zimmermann, K. (2011). New forms of territorial governance in metropolitan regions? A Polish–German comparison.European Urban and Regional Studies, 18(2), 156-169.

Ma, X. (2012). The integration of the city-region of the Pearl River Delta. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 53(1), 97-104.

Miu, C. (2005). A Stronger Pearl River Delta Government Initiatives, Retrieved April, 2013, from http://accci.com.au/

Page, S. (2000). Regionalism among developing countries (pp. 503-506). London: Macmillan

Park, C. G. (2006). Japan's Policy Stance on East Asian Neo-Regionalism: From Being a “Reluctant”, to Becoming a “Proactive” State. Global Economic Review, 35(3), 285-301.

Peterson, A., Mcalpine, C. A., Ward, D., & Rayner, S. (2007). New regionalism and nature conservation: lessons from South East Queensland, Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning, 82(3), 132-144.

Prytherch, D. L. (2009). New Euroregional territories, old Catalanist dreams? Articulating culture, economy and territory in the Mediterranean Arc.European. Urban and Regional Studies16(2), 131-145.

Qeshm free area organization (2015). Retrieved June, 2015, from http://qeshm.ir

Scott, J. W. (Ed.). (2009). De-coding new regionalism: shifting socio-political contexts in Central Europe and Latin America. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Väyrynen, R. (2003). Regionalism: old and new. International Studies Review, 5(1), 25-51.