Investigating the Effective Physical Factorson Promoting Social Interactions in CulturalComplexes

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 M.A. Student, Department of Architecture, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Pardis, Iran.

2 Instructor, Department of Architecture, Pardis Branch, Islamic Azad University, Pardis, Iran.

Abstract

The success of urban spaces is proportional to the extent in which that space is being used and to human presence. In fact, architecture and urban planning should attempt to enhance social interactions and human solidarity rather than differentiation and separation. However, today what is witnessed in most of urban spaces is reduction of relationships and social participation of those residing in these spaces. On the other side, in recent decades, with the increasing progress of technology most of traditional patterns have been changed, and these changes have altered culture and life appearance in Iranian community. What is observed in today’s societies is the reduction in level of people’s social interactions. Regarding the role and function of cultural complexes as a space for improving social interactions, the physical structure of cultural environments should play a significant role in boosting people’s social interactions. The purpose of this research is to identify social interactions and effective physical components affecting promotion of social interactions among people in cultural complexes which provide an opportunity for individuals to take a relief from daily tensions, to gather together and interact. The methodology used in this research is descriptive and analytical, exploiting library studies in order to achieve the desired results. Finally, after studying various theories and effective physical components in promotion of social interaction in public urban spaces such as cultural complexes, appropriate architectural strategies have been provided. The results of this research indicate that six components of stagnation, aggregation, integrity, vitality, spatial determination and flexibility are among most important physical factors affecting the promotion of social interaction in cultural complexes.

Keywords


Altman, I. (2003). Enviroment and Social bevior; Privacy: Private Space, Territory and Crowd. (Translated by Ali Namazian). Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University.

Akhavan Kharazi, K. (2008). Analytic Approach to Necessity of Paying Attention to Culture of Societies. Hoviyat Shahr Journal, year 2. No 3. P 19.

Alexander, Ch. (2008). The Pattern Language First Section: Cities. (Translated by Reza Karbalaei Noori, Hamid Khademi). Tehran: Center of Urban Planning and Architecture Studies and Research.

Azariyan Saad Abad, P., & Balali Oskooyi, A. (2015). Accessing Place Criteria of the Cultural and Artistic Complex in District 22 in Tehran. International conference of Third Millennium Architecture and Urban Planning.

Abdollahi, M. (2010). Theoretical Survey of Neighborhood concept and Its Redefining. Journal of Human Geography Studies,Tehran. No. 72, Summer. 82-103.

Bear, Anne R. and Catherin Higgins. (2002). Environmental Planning for Land Development: An Instruction for Sustainable Local Planning and Design. (Translated by Hossein Bahreini). Tehran University Press. 2002. First Edition.

Carmona, M. Tim  Heath, Taner  Oc & Steve Tiesdell. (2003). Places and Spaces. Architectural Press, Amesterdam & others.

Daneshpour, S. A., Sepehri Moghaddam, M.& Charkhiyan, M. (2007). Public Spaces and Factors affecting Collective life. Journal of Bagh Nazar. 7(1). P 19.

Gehl, J. (1987). Life Between Buildings. Translated by J. Koch. Island Press.

Ghanbaran, A. & Jafari, M. (2014). Investigating Factors Affecting promotion of Social Interactions Among Residence in a Neighborhood (Case Study: Darakeh Neighborhood- Tehran). Science- Reserach Journal of Iran Scientific Association of Architecture and Urban Planning, 7(1). 57-64.

Giddens, Anthony. (2008). Sociology. Translated by Hassan Chavoshian. Fourth Edition.Tehran. Tehran: Ney Publication.

Habibi, S. M. (2000). Civil Society and Urban Life. Journal of Fine Arts. 7(0), 23-33.

Hall, Edward T. (1997). The Hidden Dimension. Translated by Manoochehr Tabibiyan. Tehran University Press. Tehran.

Hossein Razavi, S. & Bahmanyar, A. (2016). Criteria for Locating Cultural- Artistic Complexes with an Emphasis on Promotion of Social Interactions. Research Approaches in Civil and Architecture. 3(4). 59-68.

Huffman, R. (2006). The Value of Urban Open Space. Urban land, 65 (1): 108 –111.

Jacobes, J. (2002). The death and life of great American cities. New York : Random House.

Kashanijoo, Khashayar. (2010). Recognizing theoretical approaches to urban public spaces. Hoviyat Shahr Journal. Spring & Summer 2010. 4(6). 95-106.

Khoshnevis, A. M. & Farshbafi, N. (2015). Impact of Culture on Physical and Perceptual Dimension of Architecture.International Conference of Modern Researches in Reconstruction, Architecture and Urban Planning. 26th of November, Tehran, Iran.

Lang, J. (2008). Creation of Architecture Theory (The role of Behavioral Sciences in Environmental Designing). (Translated by Alireza Eynifar). Teran: Tehran University Publication.

Madanipour, A. (2005). Urban Space Designing; an Attitude toward Socio-Spatial Processes. Processing and Urban Planning Company.

Masoudi, K. (2008). The place of Social Interaction. Journal of Municipalities. 3(26). P, 12.

Memariyan. Gh. (2009). A Survey on Theoretical Basics of Architecture. Second Edition. Tehran :Soroush Danesh.

Mir Moghtadaei, M. (2009). Criteria for Assessing the Possibility of Formation, Record and Transfer of the Collective Memories in the City. Journal of Fine Arts. 19(19), 17-26.

Mohammadalizadeh, Elham. (2016). Cultural Complex Design for Promoting Young People's Social Identity. Master Thesis. Soore University.

Pakzad, J. (2004). Knot, Square, Semantic Analysis of Three Words in Urban Planning. Municipalities (Index of Urban Square and Space), Volume 67, 8-16.

Pakzad, J. (2012). The Image of City, What Quinn Lynch Understood.   Abadi Quarterly. 11th Year. No. 53.

Rafiyan, M.  & Khodaee, Z. (2009). Investigating the Indicators and Criteria Affecting Citizens' Satisfactions of Urban Public Spaces. 18(53). 227-248.

Rafiyan, M., Rezazadeh, R., Sifiayi, M. & Ahmadvand, Y. (2008).  Evaluating Indexes Affecting Desirability of Public Urban Spaces Viewpoint of Specific Social Groups (Women): A Case Study of Nabovat Square in Tehran. Quarterly of Art, 1 (2). 37-54. 

Rezaei, M. (2004). Citizen Urbanism; Promotion of Public Spaces in Cities and Urban Enviroments. (Translated by Mohammad Amadinejad).  First Edition , Isfahan: Khak Publication.

Salehinia, M. & Memariyan, Gh.  (2009). Architectural Spatial Sociability. Journal of Fine Arts and Urban Planning. No.40, Winter. 5-12.

Sattari Sarbangholi, H. (2013) . An Introduction to Executive Model of Cultural Engineering derived from the Teachings of the Holy Quran with a View on Western Cultural Engineering. Journal of Cultural Engineering. 6 (67-68), 14-31.

Soltanzadeh, H. (1991). The processes of Formation of City and Religious Centers in Iran. Agah.

Vosoughi, M. (2009). The Study of Social Trust and Effective Factors in Khalkhal City (Ardabil Provience). Social Sciences Research Journal, 3(3). 133-154.

Yazdani, A. (2013). Designing Besh Ghardash Cultural Complex in Bojnoord City with Approach to Interaction of Cultures. Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University- Shahrood Science and Research Branch.