Modern Architecture in Nigeria and It’s Trends in Historical Buildings (Failure of modernist in Conservation andRestoration of Historical Buildings)

Document Type: Original Paper

Author

M.A. Student, Associate member Nigerian institue of management, Nigeria.

Abstract

Modern architecture has vital impact in Nigerian architecture even though there are some
socio-cultural and religious factors and elements of traditional architecture and use of traditional materials and
principles of design that still exist. This paper will be discussing on how modern architecture failed in the aspect
the of conservation and restoration of palace buildings which are the focal points within the walled cities that
is directly captured as significant historical buildings. Basically the palace serves as a whole administrative and
non-administrative building based on its division into various functional spaces. Moreover, the palace building
construction as well as changes and fortifications occurred overtime which is seen directly from the facades. This
periods includes; vernacular pre-colonial and post-colonial period. Therefore the research illustrates how imported
modern architecture affected the palaces of the country at large. For this paper two particular palaces namely; Hadejia
and Kano emirs palace in the Northern region dominated by the Hausa/Fulani’s will be used for the comparative and
descriptive criticism. Relevant information will be collected from the buildings and then from the findings, analysis
of the building based on some certain parameters such as; building location, period of construction, and materials
used will be considered and most of all the criticism of the failure of modernist architects in terms of conservation
and restoration of the two ancient palace buildings will be judged based on the final view point which will imply the
trends of modernism in Nigerian historical buildings.

Keywords


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