Vernacular houses in Yazd: Natural elements

Document Type: Original Paper


1 Ph.D. candidate, Department of Art and Architecture, Sience and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Sience and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Technology University, Tehran, Iran.


Given more than seven thousand years of urbanization and highly diverse topographic and
geographical conditions, Iran is one of the treasures through the world's architectural history. Climatic diversity,
on the one hand, and long history of living, on the other hand, has led to noteworthy and valuable achievement in
architecture and urbanization within this country. However, these elements are less utilized in today architecture. Urban
life, technological advances and excessive economical demands have extremely made people apart from the nature
and formed their mind within an iterative mechanized order. Furthermore, human being is a part of nature and his/
her close relationship to the nature provides him/her with survival and longevity. In Iranian houses, a space indicating
relationship between human and nature is courtyard. Central courtyards within vernacular houses in Yazd provided
inhabitants with terrific living conditions and enhanced their living quality by utilizing natural elements such as water,
wind, light, and plants. Today, due to providing more houses regardless of their quality, not only are natural elements
ignored in human life; but also in many cases, buildings do not have essential features of living. This paper attempts
to explore how to create and enter natural elements in apartments. This paper aims to investigate natural elements on
vernacular houses in Yazd. A descriptive, analytic methodology along with a case study (vernacular houses in Yazd)
were employed and data was collected through library and field research.


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