Evaluation of New Urbanism Principles: Hybrid AHP-TOPSIS Multi-Criteria Analysis Framework (Case Study: Neighborhoods of Historical Zone of Shiraz)

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 PhD Student of Urbanism at Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Since & Research Branch

2 Professor of Tehran University, School of Art

Abstract

A large number of studies show that uncontrolled and unplanned spatial and functional developments
in old central districts of large and medium-sized Iranian cities in past few decades have resulted in many unpleasant
transformations. Thus, the historic urban fabrics have gradually lost their socio-economic livability and quality and this
issue has led to urban distress, blight and deterioration.
The main objective of this research is to evaluate quality of historical neighborhood of zone eight of Shiraz metropolis
municipality [Old CBD] according to set criteria based on New Urbanism Approach and Principles. This is applied
research with descriptive – analytical methodology, using a hybrid AHP – TOPSSIS analysis methodology. By ranking
these historical districts according to their current quality and capacity, we can determine best cases for development
with the low intervention level strategy. The results of multi criteria analysis indicate that among the twelve districts in
the historical fabric of Shiraz, Sang-e-Siyah, Mordestan and Meydan-e-Shah are the three best cases for development
regarding the potentials and capacity and qualities in historical fabric of Shiraz.

Keywords