Navigation in Determining the Physical Factors Affecting Creativity of Children's in Urban Parks

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Art and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Despite the availability of extensive facilities for children, the effect of environment on creativity
of children is often ignored. It is a fact that children can attend the playgrounds in city parks, independently, from age
6, therefore they become exposed to influence of the environment during this age period. It is necessary to design
playgrounds for children to improve their creativity. The objective here is to assess the effects of physical components
of the playgrounds in city parks on creativity of children of ages 6 to 12. A descriptive- analytic method is adopted in
this study. This method is adopted to achieve the theoretical perspectives and correlations between the variables and
indices, through analysis. At this stage, the data are collected from a selected statistical population through field research
and closed response researcher designed questionnaire and the effective variables are determined by factor analysis and
correlation. By applying path analysis method using of Smart PLS1 software program based on the relations between
the variables, the study model is provided. The results indicate that there exists a significant correlation between the
environmental factors and creativity and regarding the rate of effectiveness of the physical factors on creativity, the
variety factor is more effective, followed by physical liveliness and flexibility factors, respectively.

Keywords